Internet of Things as a Service (iTaaS): Challenges and Solutions for Management of Sensor Data on the Cloud and the Fog

Euripides G.M Petrakis, Stelios Sotiriadis, Theodoros Solutanopoulos, Pelagia Tsiachri Renta, Rakumar Buyya, Nik Bessis

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Abstract

Building upon cloud, IoT and smart sensors technologies we design and develop an IoT as a Service (iTaaS) framework, that transforms a user device (e.g. a smart phone) to an IoT gateway that allows for fast and efficient data streams transmission to the cloud. We develop a two-fold solution, based on micro-services for the IoT (users’ smart devices) and the cloud side (back-end services). iTaaS includes configurations for (a) the IoT side to support data collection from IoT devices to a gateway on a real time basis and, (b) the cloud back-end side to support data sharing, storage and processing. iTaaS provides the technology foreground to enable immediate application deployments in the domain of interest. An obvious and promising implementation of this technology is e-Health and remote health monitoring. As a proof of concept we implement a real time remote patient monitoring system that integrates the proposed frame work and uses BLE pulse oximeter and heart rate monitoring sensing devices. The experimental analysis shows fast data collection, as (for our experimental setup) data is transmitted from the IoT side (i.e. the gateway) to the cloud in less than 130ms. We also stress the back-end system with high user concurrency (for example with 40 users per second) and high data streams (for example 240 data records per second) and we show that the requests are executed at around 1 second, a number that signifies a satisfactory performance by considering the number of requests, the network latency and the relatively small size of the Virtual Machines implementing services on the cloud (2GB RAM, 1 CPU and 20GB hard disk size).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-174
Number of pages19
JournalInternet of Things: Engineering Cyber Physical Human Systems
Volume3-4
Early online date28 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

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