International consensus statement on the design, delivery and evaluation of sport-based interventions aimed at promoting social, psychological and physical well-being in prison

Conor Murray*, Brendan Coyle, Hayden Morgan, Ian Marder, David Woods, Tandy Haughey, Matthew Maycock, Federico Genovesi, Rosie Meek, Andrew Parker, ANDY SMITH, Chris Kay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective To develop an international consensus statement to advise on designing, delivering and evaluating sport-based interventions (SBIs) aimed at
promoting social, psychological and physical well-being in prison.
Design Modified Delphi using two rounds of survey questionnaires and two consensus workshops. Participants A multidisciplinary panel of more than 40
experts from 15 international jurisdictions was formed, including representation from the following groups and stakeholders: professionals working in the justice
system; officials from sport federations and organisations; academics with research experience of prisons, secure forensic mental health settings and SBIs; and policymakers in criminal justice and sport.
Results A core research team and advisory board developed the initial rationale, statement and survey. This survey produced qualitative data which was analysed
thematically. The findings were presented at an in-person workshop. Panellists discussed the findings, and, using a modified nominal group technique, reached a consensus on objectives to be included in a revised statement. The core research team and advisory board revised the statement and recirculated it with a second survey.
Findings from the second survey were discussed at a second, virtual, workshop. The core research team and advisory board further revised the consensus statement and recirculated it asking panellists for further comments.
This iterative process resulted in seven final statement items; all participants have confirmed that they agreed with the content, objectives and recommendations of the final statement.
Conclusions The statement can be used to assist those that design, deliver and evaluate SBIs by providing guidance on: (1) minimum levels of competence for those designing and delivering SBIs; (2) the design and delivery of inclusive programmes prioritising disadvantaged groups; and (3) evaluation measures which are carefully calibrated both to capture proposed programme outcomes and to advance an understanding of the systems, processes and
experiences of sport engagement in prison.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere075792
Pages (from-to)1-12
JournalBMJ Open
Volume14
Issue number1
Early online date30 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • PUBLIC HEALTH
  • FORENSIC MEDICINE
  • PSYCHIATRY
  • Protocols & guidelines
  • Social Interaction
  • SPORTS MEDICINE
  • Prisons
  • Delphi Technique
  • Humans
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Consensus
  • Sports
  • Public Health
  • Forensic medicine
  • Protocols & Guidelines
  • Sports Medicine
  • Psychiatry

Research Centres

  • Sport and Mental Health Research Centre

Research Groups

  • Sport, Work and Health Research Group

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