Intermittent treadmill running induces kinematic compensations to maintain soccer kick foot speed despite no change in knee extensor strength

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Abstract

Kicking is a fundamental skill and a primary non-contact mechanism of injury in soccer, with injury incidence increasing during the latter stages of match-play. Ten male professional soccer players completed a 90min treadmill protocol based on the velocity profile of soccer match-play. Pre-exercise, and at 15 min intervals, players completed a maximal velocity kick subjected to kinematic analysis at 200 Hz. Pre-exercise, and at the end of each half, players also completed isokinetic concentric knee extensor repetitions at 180, 300 and 60 °·s-1. Kicking foot speed was maintained at ~19 m·s-1, with no main effect for exercise duration. In relation to proximal-distal sequencing during the kicking action, there was a significant increase in the duration (but not magnitude) of thigh rotation, with a compensatory decrease in the duration (but not magnitude) of shank rotation during the latter stages of the exercise protocol. In relation to long-axis rotation, pelvic orientation at ball contact was maintained at ~6˚, representing a total pelvic rotation in the order of ~15 ˚ during the kicking action. Peak knee extensor torque at all speeds was also maintained throughout the protocol, such that kinematic modifications are not attributable to a decline in knee extensor strength.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-283
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Volume34
Issue number4
Early online date27 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • soccer
  • kicking technique
  • injury
  • isokinetic strength

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