Impaired performance of children with dyslexia on a range of cerebellar tasks

A J Fawcett, R I Nicolson, P Dean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

207 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is now thought that the cerebellum is involved in the acquisition of "language dexterity" in addition to its established role in motor skill acquisition and execution. Mild cerebellar impairment, therefore, provides a possible explanation of a range of problems shown by children with dyslexia. The authors have established suggestive evidence in support of this hypothesis in tests of balance and of time estimation. In a further test of the hypothesis, a battery of clinical tests for cerebellar impairment, including tests of muscle tone and of coordination, was administered to matched groups of children with dyslexia and control children aged 10, 14, and 18 years (55 subjects in all). The children with dyslexia showed highly significant impairments on all the cerebellar tests, and significant impairment compared even with reading age controls on 11 of the 14 tasks. Deficits on the majority of tests were among the largest found in our research program. The findings, therefore, provide further intriguing evidence of cerebellar impairment in dyslexia. We speculate that the well-established phonological deficits in dyslexia may arise initially from inefficient articulatory control attributable to cerebellar impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-83
Number of pages25
JournalAnnals of Dyslexia
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 1996

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