In this chapter we examine the use of hostels, arguing that these institutions are paradoxical in terms of the delivery of ‘justice’ for women. We begin, on a practical level, by examining the scarcity and uneven geographical spread of hostel accommodation for women, contending that this has detrimental implications for any notion of resettlement into the ‘community’. We then continue by examining those institutions that are available for women and we conceptualise these as ‘semi-penal’ (Barton, 2004; 2005). Here we propose that women’s hostels represent a blurring of the ideological boundaries both between the prison and the domestic sphere and between the construction of ‘criminal/deviant’ and ‘vulnerable/needy’ identities. We highlight that, in addition to approved probation premises, non-statutory hostels (traditionally utilised for vulnerable but non-criminal women) are part of a ‘semi-penal web’ (see Archard, 1979). Finally, we argue that women-specific regimes in semi-penal institutions are not dissimilar to those of the prison, in that they can serve to reproduce feminized identities through dominant gendered ideologies of the ‘home’ and techniques of maternalistic governance. In particular we examine how the supremacy of the concepts of personal responsibility and ‘empowerment’, achieved primarily thorough compulsory ‘groupwork’ and ‘self-reflection’, can be conceptualised as contractual and feminised forms of governance.
|Title of host publication||Women, Punishment and Social Justice: Human Rights and Penal Practices|
|Editors||Margaret Malloch, Gill McIvor|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||230|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2012|
|Name||Routledge Frontiers of Criminal Justice|