Home-based end of life care for children and their families: a systematic scoping review and narrative synthesis

Cari Malcolm, KATHERINE KNIGHTING, Charlotte Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract

Problem: There is a growing international drive to deliver children’s palliative care services closer to home. Families should have choice of where end of life (EOL) care is provided with home as one option. This review aims to establish the current international evidence base relating to children’s EOL care at home.

Eligibility Criteria: A systematic scoping review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA-ScR reporting guidelines. Seven databases were searched to identify papers published between 2000-2018. Eligibility criteria included papers reporting children’s EOL care with specific relation to: home being the preferred place of death; services providing EOL care at home; family experiences of receiving support when their child died at home and professionals’ experiences of delivering this care.

Sample: Twenty-three papers met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review.

Results: Engagement of families in EOL care planning discussions was identified as a key factor to facilitate choice of setting. Consistent themes from the data suggest that providing access to care in the home 24/7 by a team of professionals with specialist paediatric palliative care knowledge is an essential aspect of any model of home-based EOL care.

Discussion and Application to Practice: This is the first comprehensive review of home-based EOL care for children which offers a valuable contribution to policy, practice and research. The evidence mapped and synthesised in this review can inform the development of services to facilitate the provision of EOL care at home in line with the unique wishes and needs of children and families.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-133
JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
Volume55
Early online date17 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • end of life care
  • pediatrics
  • palliative care
  • home care

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