High dose Nitrate ingestion does not improve 40 km cycling time trial performance in trained cyclists

Scott Mosher, L A Gough, S Deb, B Saunders, L R Mc Naughton, D R Brown, S A Sparks

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7 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluated the chronic effects of nitrate (NO3(-)) ingestion over three days, on 40 km TT performance in 11trained cyclists (VO2max: 60.8 +/- 7.4 ml.kg(-1).min(-1); age: 36 +/- 9 years; height: 1.80 +/- 0.06 m; body mass: 87.2 +/- 12.0 kg). Utilising a double-blind randomised cross-over design, participants completed three 40 km TT on a Velotron(R) ergometer following the ingestion of either a 140 ml of "BEET It sport(R)" NO3(-) shot containing 12.8 mmol or 800 mg of NO3(-), a placebo drink or nothing (control). Performance, oxygen consumption (VO2), blood bicarbonate (HCO3-), pH and lactate (BLa) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured every 10 km throughout the TT. The present findings show that NO3(-) ingestion had no effect on TT performance (NO3(-): 4098.0 +/- 209.8 vs. Placebo: 4161.9 +/- 263.3 s, p = 0.296, ES = 0.11), or VO2 (p = 0.253, ES = 0.13). Similarly, blood lactate and RPE were also unaffected by the experimental conditions (p = 0.522, ES = 0.06; p = 0.085, ES = 0.30) respectively. Therefore, these results suggest that a high dose of NO3(-) over three days has limited efficacy as an ergogenic aid for 40 km TT cycling performance in trained cyclists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Sports Medicine: An International Journal
Early online date8 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Beetroot juice
  • Nitrate ingestion
  • RPE
  • cycling
  • time trial


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