'Heretical Networks Between East and West: The Case of the Fraticelli'

Nickiphoros Tsougarakis

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    This article explores the links between the Franciscan heresy of the Fraticelli and the Latin territories of Greece in the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries. It argues that the early involvement of Franciscan dissidents, like Angelo Clareno, with the lands of Latin Romania played an important role in the development of the Franciscan movement of dissent, on the one hand by allowing its enemies to associate them with the disobedient Greek Church and on the other by establishing havens where the dissidents were relatively safe from the persecution of the Inquisition and whence they were also able to send missionaries back to Italy to revive the movement there. In doing so, the article reviews all the known information about Fraticelli communities in Greece, and discovers two hitherto unknown references, demonstrating that the sect continued to exist in Greece during the Ottoman period, thus outlasting the Fraticelli communities of Italy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)529-542
    Number of pages14
    JournalThe Journal of Medieval History
    Issue number5
    Early online date11 Sept 2018
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2018


    • Angelo Clareno
    • Franciscan Spirituals
    • Fraticelli
    • Latin Romania
    • Venetian Crete
    • heresy


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