Go with the flow: The experience and affective outcomes of solo versus social gameplay

Linda Kaye, Jo Bryce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined differences in flow experiences and post-gameplay Positive and Negative Mood between solo and social digital gaming. This was achieved by obtaining gamers’ (N = 302) retrospective ratings of the experience of flow and post-gameplay mood based on recent solo and social gaming experiences, through the use of an online questionnaire. Positive mood was found to be significantly higher following social compared with solo gameplay, suggesting that playing games with others enhances enjoyment of the activity. Different levels of flow in gameplay were also found to be related to positive mood following both solo and social gameplay. There were no observed differences in experiences of flow and post-gameplay mood between online and offline, or competitive and cooperative gaming contexts. The findings suggest that “group flow” may be a useful concept in understanding the dynamics of social gaming as this has not been sufficiently examined in the current videogame literature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Gaming and Virtual Worlds
Issue number1
Early online date1 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2014


  • Digital games
  • Enjoyment
  • Flow
  • Group flow
  • Mood states
  • Social gaming
  • Subjective experiences


Dive into the research topics of 'Go with the flow: The experience and affective outcomes of solo versus social gameplay'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this