Glycaemic streaming in type 1 diabetes: Implications for intervention?

G. V. Gill*, M. E. Wallymahmed, A. Wallymahmed, I. A. MacFarlane, A. Woodward

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Evidence exists that mean glycaemia in individuals with type 1 diabetes may remain remarkably constant (glycaemic 'streaming' or 'tracking'). We have re-examined this in a group of type 1 patients, to explore whether any subgroups may be more or less amenable to glycaemic improvement. We made a retrospective analysis between 2003 and 2007 of 181 people with type 1 diabetes. Basic demographic information, and sequential glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels during the five-year follow-up period (2003-2007), were recorded. First (2003) and last HbA1c levels were recorded, and mean HbA1c for the whole period. These were analysed as a total group, by gender, and by glycaemic control (initial HbA1c over or below 64mmol/mol [8.0%]). Mean age was 41±8 years, diabetes duration 19±9 years, 58% were male, and mean HbA1c was 75±17mmol/mol (9.0±1.6%). Over the study period there was a small improvement in total population mean HbA1c (75±17 to 72±16mmol/mol [9.0±1.6 to 8.7±1.5%], p=0.003). This was accounted for by improvements in male (74±17 to 70±15mmol/mol [8.9±1.6 to 8.6±1.4%], p=0.005) and poorly-controlled (HbA1c ≥65mmol/mol [8.1%]) patients (79±15 to 75±15mmol/mol [9.4±1.4 to 9.0±1.4%], p=0.002). Female and well-controlled (HbA1c ≤64mmol/mol [8.0%]) patients showed no change in mean glycaemia. Most patients maintained closely similar HbA1c levels over time. Interventions in type 1 diabetes may be more usefully aimed at risk factors rather than glycaemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-232
Number of pages4
JournalPractical Diabetes
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2013


  • Glycaemia control
  • Type 1 diabetes


Dive into the research topics of 'Glycaemic streaming in type 1 diabetes: Implications for intervention?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this