Gender-based personality traits in physically aggressive and non-aggressive antisocial behaviours

Saima Eman*, Roderick I. Nicolson, Mark Blades, Ravi P. Jha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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Abstract

background The current study aimed to understand the role of callousness, affective dissonance, and two subtypes of sensation seeking personality traits - 1) disinhibition and 2) thrill and adventure seeking - in physically aggressive and nonaggressive antisocial behaviours (ASB) among educated youth and to explore the gender differences in them. participants and procedure An online survey was sent to a large sample of students at a UK university. Initially, a sample of N = 539 participants was collected but after screening out the data, N = 429 participants were included for analyses based on the sampling criteria. results Callousness, disinhibition, and affective dissonance significantly predicted both antisocial behaviour subtypes. We found multidimensional nature of callousness in predicting antisocial behaviours, and an intriguing relationship between thrill and adventure seeking and affective dissonance. Interesting gender differences emerged. conclusions This study has implications for the understanding of the competitive roles of gender-based psychopathological personality traits in terms of callousness and affective dissonance and sensation seeking tendencies in physically aggressive and non-aggressive antisocial behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-215
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Issues in Personality Psychology
Volume10
Issue number3
Early online date6 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2022

Keywords

  • affective dissonance
  • antisocial behaviours
  • callousness
  • disinhibition
  • sensation seeking
  • thrill and adventure seeking

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