Gay father surrogacy families: relationships with surrogates and egg donors and parental disclosure of children's origins

Lucy Blake, N Carone, J Slutsky, E Raffanello, A Anke, A A Ehrhardt, S Golombok

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    32 Citations (Scopus)
    68 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Objective: To study the nature and quality of relationships between gay father families and their surrogates and egg donors and parental disclosure of children's origins. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Family homes. Patient(s): Parents in 40 gay father families with 3–9-year-old children born through surrogacy. Intervention(s): Administration of a semistructured interview. Main Outcome Measure(s): Relationships between parents, children, surrogates, and egg donors and parental disclosure of children's origins were examined using a semistructured interview. Result(s): The majority of fathers were content with the level of contact they had with the surrogate, with those who were discontent wanting more contact. Fathers were more likely to maintain relationships with surrogates than egg donors, and almost all families had started the process of talking to their children about their origins, with the level of detail and children's understanding increasing with the age of the child. Conclusion(s): In gay father surrogacy families with young children, relationships between parents, children, surrogates, and egg donors are generally positive.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1503-1509
    JournalFertility and Sterility
    Volume106
    Issue number6
    Early online date24 Aug 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Aug 2016

    Keywords

    • Children
    • disclosure
    • egg donor
    • gay father
    • surrogacy

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