Despite the relevant ﬁre risk to which Italy is subject from north to south, very few analysis focus on this area. This article investigates the causes of forest ﬁres frequency and intensity in Italy during the ﬁrst decade of the XXI century. The dynamical aspects of ﬁre danger are explored through the use of panel data techniques which fully capture the impacts on forest ﬁres of changes in both socio-economic and climatic conditions. Italy is treated as a unique region in a ﬁrst model speciﬁcation, while it is then split into 3 geographical areas (north, centre, and south) to capture locally speciﬁc aspects. Two different dependent variables are alternatively employed and a number of ad hoc tests are performed to corroborate the robustness of our estimates. Results highlight the importance of considering the ﬁre situation separately for the northern, central, and southern parts of Italy. While the presence of railway networks positively affects ﬁre risk, the impact of livestock depends on its speciﬁc composition. Favourable effects in ﬁre reduction are represented by the increase in education levels (north and centre) and touristic ﬂows (north and south), and by the containment of illegal activities (south). Weather patterns appear to be important determinants all over the Italian peninsula.
|Published - Apr 2013
|European Geosciences Union General Assembly - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 7 Apr 2013 → 12 Apr 2013
|European Geosciences Union General Assembly
|7/04/13 → 12/04/13