Forest biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services

EG Brockerhoff, L Barbaro, B Castagneyrol, DI Forrester, B Gardiner, JR Gonzalez, PO'B Lyver, N Meurisse, Anne Oxbrough, H Taki, ID Thompson, F van der Plas, H Jactel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Forests are critical habitats for biodiversity and they are also essential for the provision of a wide range of ecosystem services that are important to human well-being. There is increasing evidence that biodiversity contributes to forest ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services. Here we provide a review of forest ecosystem services including biomass production, habitat provisioning services, pollination, seed dispersal, resistance to wind storms, fire regulation and mitigation, pest regulation of native and invading insects, carbon sequestration, and cultural ecosystem services, in relation to forest type, structure and diversity. We also consider relationships between forest biodiversity and multi-functionality, and trade-offs among ecosystem services. We compare the concepts of ecosystem processes, functions and services to clarify their definitions. Our review of published studies indicates a lack of empirical studies that establish quantitative and causal relationships between forest biodiversity and many important ecosystem services. The literature is highly skewed; studies on provisioning of nutrition and energy, and on cultural services, delivered by mixed-species forests are under-represented. Planted forests offer ample opportunity for optimising their composition and diversity because replanting after harvesting is a recurring process. Planting mixed-species forests should be given more consideration as they are likely to provide a wider range of ecosystem services within the forest and for adjacent land uses. This review also serves as the introduction to this special issue of Biodiversity and Conservation on various aspects of forest biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3005-3035
JournalBiodiversity and Conservation
Volume26
Early online date4 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Nov 2017

Fingerprint

ecosystem service
ecosystem services
biodiversity
ecosystems
ecosystem
forest ecosystems
forest ecosystem
habitats
seed dispersal
forest types
carbon sequestration
habitat
pollination
biomass production
nutrition
land use
planting
pests
mitigation
insect

Keywords

  • Ecological processes
  • Mixed-species forest
  • Planted forest
  • Tree diversity

Cite this

Brockerhoff, EG., Barbaro, L., Castagneyrol, B., Forrester, DI., Gardiner, B., Gonzalez, JR., ... Jactel, H. (2017). Forest biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services. Biodiversity and Conservation, 26, 3005-3035. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-017-1453-2
Brockerhoff, EG ; Barbaro, L ; Castagneyrol, B ; Forrester, DI ; Gardiner, B ; Gonzalez, JR ; Lyver, PO'B ; Meurisse, N ; Oxbrough, Anne ; Taki, H ; Thompson, ID ; van der Plas, F ; Jactel, H. / Forest biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services. In: Biodiversity and Conservation. 2017 ; Vol. 26. pp. 3005-3035.
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Brockerhoff, EG, Barbaro, L, Castagneyrol, B, Forrester, DI, Gardiner, B, Gonzalez, JR, Lyver, POB, Meurisse, N, Oxbrough, A, Taki, H, Thompson, ID, van der Plas, F & Jactel, H 2017, 'Forest biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services', Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 26, pp. 3005-3035. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-017-1453-2

Forest biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services. / Brockerhoff, EG; Barbaro, L; Castagneyrol, B; Forrester, DI; Gardiner, B; Gonzalez, JR; Lyver, PO'B; Meurisse, N; Oxbrough, Anne; Taki, H; Thompson, ID; van der Plas, F; Jactel, H.

In: Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 26, 04.11.2017, p. 3005-3035.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Brockerhoff, EG

AU - Barbaro, L

AU - Castagneyrol, B

AU - Forrester, DI

AU - Gardiner, B

AU - Gonzalez, JR

AU - Lyver, PO'B

AU - Meurisse, N

AU - Oxbrough, Anne

AU - Taki, H

AU - Thompson, ID

AU - van der Plas, F

AU - Jactel, H

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KW - Planted forest

KW - Tree diversity

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M3 - Article

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SP - 3005

EP - 3035

JO - Biodiversity and Conservation

JF - Biodiversity and Conservation

SN - 0960-3115

ER -

Brockerhoff EG, Barbaro L, Castagneyrol B, Forrester DI, Gardiner B, Gonzalez JR et al. Forest biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2017 Nov 4;26:3005-3035. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-017-1453-2