Families created through surrogacy: Mother-child relationships and children's psychological adjustment at age 7

Susan Golombok*, Jennifer Readings, Lucy Blake, Polly Casey, Alex Marks, Vasanti Jadva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Each year, an increasing number of children are born through surrogacy and thus lack a genetic and/or gestational link with their mother. This study examined the impact of surrogacy on mother-child relationships and children's psychological adjustment. Assessments of maternal positivity, maternal negativity, mother-child interaction, and child adjustment were administered to 32 surrogacy, 32 egg donation, and 54 natural conception families with a 7-year-old child. No differences were found for maternal negativity, maternal positivity, or child adjustment, although the surrogacy and egg donation families showed less positive mother-child interaction than the natural conception families. The findings suggest that both surrogacy and egg donation families function well in the early school years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1579-1588
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Egg donation
  • Parent-child relationship
  • Psychological adjustment
  • Surrogacy

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