Factors Influencing Ultra-Endurance Athletes Food Choices: An Adapted Food Choice Questionnaire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Inadequate nutritional intake has been reported during ultra-endurance training and competition. While substandard nutritional knowledge may contribute to inappropriate nutritional choices, the relationship between these variables is often weak. As such, this study investigated the importance of a range of factors to the food choices of ultra-endurance athletes. An existing food choices questionnaire was extended to reflect the main factors proposed to influence the food choices of these athletes. The questionnaire was pilot tested with endurance athletes, during which, it was refined and reassessed for internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Subsequently, 101 experienced ultra-endurance athletes completed the amended questionnaire. Athletes also documented dietary restrictions or strategies employed in preparation for competition. The factors rated as important by the majority of the athletes were ‘provides me with energy’, ‘do not cause me gastrointestinal discomfort’ and, ‘are nutritious’. Despite the high importance of the provision of energy, only 38.2% of participants reported following a high carbohydrate diet in preparation for competition. In addition, given that nutritious foods are typically high in fibre, it is likely that this factor may conflict with the avoidance of gastrointestinal discomfort. The potential incompatibility of these factors may help explain the observed suboptimal nutritional intake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalResearch in Sports Medicine
Early online date14 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Athletes
Food
Reproducibility of Results
Surveys and Questionnaires
Carbohydrates
Diet

Keywords

  • FCQ
  • ultra-endurance
  • dietary knowledge
  • sports nutrition
  • nutritional intake

Cite this

@article{68ebdfb430e6458d9358a9fef7a2e0a1,
title = "Factors Influencing Ultra-Endurance Athletes Food Choices: An Adapted Food Choice Questionnaire",
abstract = "Inadequate nutritional intake has been reported during ultra-endurance training and competition. While substandard nutritional knowledge may contribute to inappropriate nutritional choices, the relationship between these variables is often weak. As such, this study investigated the importance of a range of factors to the food choices of ultra-endurance athletes. An existing food choices questionnaire was extended to reflect the main factors proposed to influence the food choices of these athletes. The questionnaire was pilot tested with endurance athletes, during which, it was refined and reassessed for internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Subsequently, 101 experienced ultra-endurance athletes completed the amended questionnaire. Athletes also documented dietary restrictions or strategies employed in preparation for competition. The factors rated as important by the majority of the athletes were ‘provides me with energy’, ‘do not cause me gastrointestinal discomfort’ and, ‘are nutritious’. Despite the high importance of the provision of energy, only 38.2{\%} of participants reported following a high carbohydrate diet in preparation for competition. In addition, given that nutritious foods are typically high in fibre, it is likely that this factor may conflict with the avoidance of gastrointestinal discomfort. The potential incompatibility of these factors may help explain the observed suboptimal nutritional intake.",
keywords = "FCQ, ultra-endurance, dietary knowledge, sports nutrition, nutritional intake",
author = "Claire Blennerhassett and Lars McNaughton and Andy Sparks",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1080/15438627.2018.1530999",
language = "English",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "Research in Sports Medicine",
issn = "1543-8627",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors Influencing Ultra-Endurance Athletes Food Choices: An Adapted Food Choice Questionnaire

AU - Blennerhassett, Claire

AU - McNaughton, Lars

AU - Sparks, Andy

PY - 2018/10/14

Y1 - 2018/10/14

N2 - Inadequate nutritional intake has been reported during ultra-endurance training and competition. While substandard nutritional knowledge may contribute to inappropriate nutritional choices, the relationship between these variables is often weak. As such, this study investigated the importance of a range of factors to the food choices of ultra-endurance athletes. An existing food choices questionnaire was extended to reflect the main factors proposed to influence the food choices of these athletes. The questionnaire was pilot tested with endurance athletes, during which, it was refined and reassessed for internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Subsequently, 101 experienced ultra-endurance athletes completed the amended questionnaire. Athletes also documented dietary restrictions or strategies employed in preparation for competition. The factors rated as important by the majority of the athletes were ‘provides me with energy’, ‘do not cause me gastrointestinal discomfort’ and, ‘are nutritious’. Despite the high importance of the provision of energy, only 38.2% of participants reported following a high carbohydrate diet in preparation for competition. In addition, given that nutritious foods are typically high in fibre, it is likely that this factor may conflict with the avoidance of gastrointestinal discomfort. The potential incompatibility of these factors may help explain the observed suboptimal nutritional intake.

AB - Inadequate nutritional intake has been reported during ultra-endurance training and competition. While substandard nutritional knowledge may contribute to inappropriate nutritional choices, the relationship between these variables is often weak. As such, this study investigated the importance of a range of factors to the food choices of ultra-endurance athletes. An existing food choices questionnaire was extended to reflect the main factors proposed to influence the food choices of these athletes. The questionnaire was pilot tested with endurance athletes, during which, it was refined and reassessed for internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Subsequently, 101 experienced ultra-endurance athletes completed the amended questionnaire. Athletes also documented dietary restrictions or strategies employed in preparation for competition. The factors rated as important by the majority of the athletes were ‘provides me with energy’, ‘do not cause me gastrointestinal discomfort’ and, ‘are nutritious’. Despite the high importance of the provision of energy, only 38.2% of participants reported following a high carbohydrate diet in preparation for competition. In addition, given that nutritious foods are typically high in fibre, it is likely that this factor may conflict with the avoidance of gastrointestinal discomfort. The potential incompatibility of these factors may help explain the observed suboptimal nutritional intake.

KW - FCQ

KW - ultra-endurance

KW - dietary knowledge

KW - sports nutrition

KW - nutritional intake

U2 - 10.1080/15438627.2018.1530999

DO - 10.1080/15438627.2018.1530999

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - Research in Sports Medicine

JF - Research in Sports Medicine

SN - 1543-8627

ER -