FACTORS INFLUENCING ‘BURN-OUT’ IN NEWLY-QUALIFIED COUNSELLORS AND PSYCHOTHERAPISTS: A CROSS-CULTURAL, CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE.

SHEREEN SHAW, Sian Davies, Helena Boulton, Chelsey Roberts, Shamini Sriskandarajah, Aleksandra Staneva, Sergio Silverio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

Abstract

Mental health problems have been established as one of the leading causes of the global burden of disease. Approximately a quarter of all people worldwide will experience a mental disorder during their lifetime. With depression and anxiety becoming the leading causes of mental ill health globally, the numbers of people reporting mental health complaints are set to grow. The dramatic increase in reporting and diagnosis of mental health disorders has been in parallel to a decline in the ability to cope with mental health symptoms and a rise in the incidence of self-harm and suicidal ideation. Whilst mental health assessment and diagnoses are usually the responsibility of general practitioners (family doctors) or psychiatrists, the frontline provision of mental health care is often delegated to counsellors and psychotherapists. Publicly funded counselling and psychotherapy services vary across the globe, but are commonly under-resourced and lacking in adequate funding. This may lead to insufficient clinical supervision and compressed time to complete continuing professional development, which are both vital for new counsellors and psychotherapists to feel confident in providing care, and to learn new skills. Newly-qualified counsellors and psychotherapists may also experience emotional, physical, and mental exhaustion or ‘burn-out’. This position paper aims to critically appraise available cross-cultural literature on the experiences of ‘burn-out’ by newly-qualified counsellors and psychotherapists, globally. Finally, we shall make recommendations for how best to support the mental health and psychological wellbeing of newly-qualified practitioners.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCounselling and Psychotherapy Research
Early online date28 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Counsellor
  • Psychotherapist
  • Training
  • Newly-Qualified
  • Global Mental Health
  • Burn-out
  • psychology and behaviour
  • psychology

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