Exploring the experiences of the cardiac rehabilitation journey among South Asian patients

TASNEEM PATEL, Robyn R Lotto, Dr Lisa Newson, Emily McGinn, Ian D Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review


Individuals from South Asian backgrounds are at greater risk of developing coronary heart disease. Cardiac rehabilitation reduces the risk of future cardiac events, yet uptake is low among South Asian populations. This study explored South Asian patients' understanding and experiences of cardiac rehabilitation.

This qualitative, semi-structured study identified a purposeful sample of 36 eligible patients, of whom six participated in an interview that explored their experiences and perceptions of cardiac rehabilitation. Data were analysed using inductive analysis.

Three themes were identified: starting the conversation; expectation vs reality; and meeting patient needs. Patients perceived cardiac rehabilitation as additional support rather than a fundamental part of care. Moreover, they considered the content of cardiac rehabilitation programmes to lack cultural sensitivity, which influenced both attendance and perceived relevance.

Nurses must promote cardiac rehabilitation during the acute phase of recovery, while considering South Asian patients' beliefs, perceptions and cultural acceptance of cardiac rehabilitation. Invitations to attend and cardiac rehabilitation delivery must be personalised, accounting for cultural influences on lifestyle.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Cardiac Nursing
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jan 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jan 2022


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