Exploring the currency of violence in serious organised crime

Stuart Kirby*, REBECCA PHYTHIAN, Laura Boulton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter explores the currency of violence for those engaged in the urban environment. It examines the role of violence across a spectrum of organized crime groups, starting with the earlier studies on more formal hierarchical groups, such as the Cosa Nostra and Yakuza. The chapter examines the characteristics of a cohort of young men, identified as being on the periphery of organized crime to establish early experiences. Structured, hierarchical and mass criminal organizations have been found across the globe, including La Eme in Mexico, the triad in China, and the Russian Mafia. The UK organized crime offender is predominantly a non-adolescent male, a significant number of whom are early onset and persistent offenders, with a prior conviction history dominated by drug offences. The chapter argues that the reason both violence and organized crime are contested concepts is because they emerge in many different forms.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Handbook of Collective Violence Current Developments and Understanding
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Developments and Understanding
EditorsCarol A. Ireland, Michael Lewis, Anthony Lopez, Jane L. Ireland
PublisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780429197420
ISBN (Print)9780367186548
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2020


  • violence
  • organised crime


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