Experiences of nurses caring for respiratory patients during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic: an online survey study.

Nicola Roberts *, Carol Ann Kelly, Kate Lippiett , Emma Ray, Lindsay Welch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
Nurses have been at the forefront of the pandemic response, involved in extensive coordination of services, screening, vaccination, and frontline work in respiratory, emergency and intensive care environments. The nature of this work is often intense and stress-provoking with an inevitable psychological impact on nurses and all healthcare workers. This study focused on nurses working in respiratory areas with the aim of identifying and characterising the self-reported issues that
exacerbated or alleviated their concerns during the first wave of the COVID pandemic.
Methods
An online survey was developed consisting of a 90 questions utilising a mixture of open-ended and closed questions. Participant demographic data was also collected (age, gender, ethnicity, number of years qualified, details of long-term health conditions, geographical location, nursing background/role and home-life). The online survey was disseminated via social media and professional respiratory societies (British Thoracic Society, Primary Care Respiratory Society, Association of Respiratory Nurse Specialists) over a 3-week period in May 2020 and the survey
closed on 1 June 2020.
Results
The study highlights the experiences of nurses caring for respiratory patients during the first wave of the pandemic in early 2020. Concerns were expressed over the working environment, the supply and availability of adequate PPE, the quality-of-care individuals were able to deliver, and impacts on mental health to nurses and their families. A high number provided free text comments around
their worries and concerns about the impact on their household, these included bringing the virus home, the effect on family members worrying about them, mental health and the impact of changing working patterns, and managing with children. Although both formal and informal support was available, there were inconsistencies in provision highlighting the importance of nursing leadership and management in ensuring equity of access to services.
Conclusions
Support for staff is essential both throughout the pandemic and afterwards and it is important that preparation of individuals regarding building resilience is recognised. It is also clear that 3 psychological support and services for nurses and the wider healthcare team needs to be available and quickly convened in the event of similar major incidents, either global or local.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberbmjresp-2021-000987.R1
JournalBMJ Open Respiratory Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 27 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Nurse
  • psychological effects
  • Experiences

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