Eliciting Higher Maximal and Submaximal Cardiorespiratory Responses During a New Taekwondo-Specific Aerobic Test.

Matheus Hausen, PP Soares, MP Araujo, D Esteves, H Julio, R Tauil, M Junca, F Porto, E Franchini, CRAIG BRIDGE, Jonas Gurgel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract PURPOSE: To propose and validate new taekwondo-specific cardiopulmonary exercise tests. METHODS: Twelve male national-level taekwondo athletes (age 20 [2] y, body mass 67.5 [5.7] kg, height 175 [8] cm, and training experience 7 [3] y) performed 3 separate exercise tests in a randomized counterbalanced order: (1) a treadmill running cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and (2) continuous and (3) interval taekwondo-specific cardiopulmonary exercise tests (cTKDet and iTKDet, respectively). The CPET was administered using an individualized ramp protocol. Taekwondo tests comprised sequences of turning kicks performed on a stationary target. The impacts were recorded via an electronic scoring sensor used in official competition. Stages on the cTKDet and iTKDet lasted 1 min and progressively reduced the kick interval duration. These were guided by a sound signal, starting with 4.6 s between kicks and reducing by 0.4 s every minute until the test ended. Oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), heart rate (HR), capillary blood lactate, and ratings of perceived exertion were measured. RESULTS: Modest differences were identified in [Formula: see text] between the tests (F2,22 = 3.54; P = .046; effect size [ES] = 0.16). Maximal HR (HRmax) was higher during both taekwondo tests (F2,22 = 14.3; P = .001; ES = 1.14) compared with CPET. Specific tests also yielded higher responses in the first ventilatory threshold [Formula: see text] (F2,22 = 6.5; P = .04; ES = 0.27) and HR (F2,22 = 12.3; P < .001; ES = 1.06), and HR at the second ventilatory threshold (F2,22 = 5.7; P = .02; ES = 0.72). CONCLUSIONS: Taekwondo-specific cardiopulmonary tests enhance the validity of some cardiopulmonary responses and might therefore be considered to optimize routine diagnostic testing and training prescription for this athletic group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1364
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Issue number10
Early online date26 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018


  • Taekwondo
  • Heart rate
  • Martial arts
  • Cardiopulmonary exercise test
  • Blood lactate
  • Oxygen uptake


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