OBJECTIVE: This study investigated pulse wave analysis in normotensive and hypertensive men after cycling bouts with different intensities and amounts of energy expended.
METHODS: Twenty-four men were assigned into normotensive (n = 14; age: 40.7 ± 2.8 years; 24-h ambulatory SBP/DBP:121 ± 2/74 ± 1 mmHg) and hypertensive (n = 10; age: 39.2 ± 2.3 years; 24-h ambulatory SBP/DBP:139 ± 3/86 ± 2 mmHg) groups. Participants undertook a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test, a nonexercise control session (CTL) and three cycling bouts [two prolonged bouts expending 300 kcal at 50% (i.e. P-MOD) and 70% (i.e. P-VIG) oxygen uptake reserve (VO2R) and one short bout expending 150 kcal at 50% VO2R (i.e. S-MOD)] performed in a randomized order. Central SBP (cSBP), pulse pressure (cPP), augmentation pressure, augmentation index (AIx), heart rate (HR) and AIx adjusted for HR (AIx@75) were determined 10 min before, and 30- and 70-min postintervention.
RESULTS: Compared to CTL, only the P-VIG changed the cSBP [70-min (Δ -11.7 mmHg)], cPP [70-min (Δ:-7.4 mmHg)], augmentation pressure [30-min (Δ:-5.7 mmHg); 70-min (Δ:-7.3 mmHg)], AIx [30-min (Δ:-15.3 %); 70-min (Δ:-16.4 %)], AIx@75 [30-min (Δ:-12.8 %); 70-min (Δ:-13.9 %)] and HR [70-min (Δ: 9.9 bpm)] in the hypertensive group. However, all exercise bouts mitigated the increased cSBP responses post-CTL in the hypertensive group.
CONCLUSION: The present study provides evidence that vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise reduces acute central pressure and pulse wave reflection in hypertensive men.