Effect of Induced Alkalosis on the Power-Duration Relationship of "All-out" Exercise

ANNI VANHATALO, LARS R MCNAUGHTON, JASON SIEGLER, ANDREW M JONES

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: We tested the hypotheses that sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion would result in no alteration in critical power (CP) but would improve performance in a 3-min all-out cycling test by increasing the total amount of work done above CP (W'). Methods: Eight habitually active subjects completed 3-min all-out sprints against fixed resistance in a blind randomized design after a dose of 0.3 g·kg-1 body mass of NaHCO3 and 0.045 g·kg-1 body mass of sodium chloride (placebo; PL trial). Blood acid-base status was assessed from arterialized fingertip blood samples before and after exercise. The CP was calculated as the mean power output during the final 30 s of the test, and the W' was estimated as the power-time integral >CP. Results: The NaHCO3 dose was effective in inducing preexercise alkalosis as indicated by changes in blood pH (PL = 7.40 ± 0.02 vs NaHCO3 = 7.46 ± 0.01, P < 0.001), [bicarbonate] (PL = 21.9 ± 3.0 vs NaHCO3 = 29.0 ± 3.8 mM, P < 0.05), and base excess (PL = -1.9 ± 2.5 vs NaHCO3 = 5.0 ± 3.0 mM, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the total work done (PL = 62.8 ± 10.1 vs NaHCO3 = 62.7 ± 10.1 kJ), the CP (PL = 248 ± 50 vs NaHCO3 = 251 ± 51 W), or the W' (PL = 18.2 ± 6.4 vs NaHCO3 = 17.5 ± 6.0 kJ) estimates between treatments. Conclusions: Despite notably enhanced blood-buffering capacity, NaHCO3 ingestion had no effect on the W', the CP, or the overall performance during 3 min of all-out cycling. It is concluded that preexercise blood alkalosis had no influence on the power-duration relationship for all-out exercise.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-570
JournalMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Alkalosis
Eating
Sodium Bicarbonate
Bicarbonates
Sodium Chloride
Placebos
Acids

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VANHATALO, ANNI ; MCNAUGHTON, LARS R ; SIEGLER, JASON ; JONES, ANDREW M. / Effect of Induced Alkalosis on the Power-Duration Relationship of "All-out" Exercise. In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2010 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 563-570.
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Effect of Induced Alkalosis on the Power-Duration Relationship of "All-out" Exercise. / VANHATALO, ANNI; MCNAUGHTON, LARS R; SIEGLER, JASON; JONES, ANDREW M.

In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Vol. 42, No. 3, 2010, p. 563-570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Induced Alkalosis on the Power-Duration Relationship of "All-out" Exercise

AU - VANHATALO, ANNI

AU - MCNAUGHTON, LARS R

AU - SIEGLER, JASON

AU - JONES, ANDREW M

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N2 - Purpose: We tested the hypotheses that sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion would result in no alteration in critical power (CP) but would improve performance in a 3-min all-out cycling test by increasing the total amount of work done above CP (W'). Methods: Eight habitually active subjects completed 3-min all-out sprints against fixed resistance in a blind randomized design after a dose of 0.3 g·kg-1 body mass of NaHCO3 and 0.045 g·kg-1 body mass of sodium chloride (placebo; PL trial). Blood acid-base status was assessed from arterialized fingertip blood samples before and after exercise. The CP was calculated as the mean power output during the final 30 s of the test, and the W' was estimated as the power-time integral >CP. Results: The NaHCO3 dose was effective in inducing preexercise alkalosis as indicated by changes in blood pH (PL = 7.40 ± 0.02 vs NaHCO3 = 7.46 ± 0.01, P < 0.001), [bicarbonate] (PL = 21.9 ± 3.0 vs NaHCO3 = 29.0 ± 3.8 mM, P < 0.05), and base excess (PL = -1.9 ± 2.5 vs NaHCO3 = 5.0 ± 3.0 mM, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the total work done (PL = 62.8 ± 10.1 vs NaHCO3 = 62.7 ± 10.1 kJ), the CP (PL = 248 ± 50 vs NaHCO3 = 251 ± 51 W), or the W' (PL = 18.2 ± 6.4 vs NaHCO3 = 17.5 ± 6.0 kJ) estimates between treatments. Conclusions: Despite notably enhanced blood-buffering capacity, NaHCO3 ingestion had no effect on the W', the CP, or the overall performance during 3 min of all-out cycling. It is concluded that preexercise blood alkalosis had no influence on the power-duration relationship for all-out exercise.

AB - Purpose: We tested the hypotheses that sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion would result in no alteration in critical power (CP) but would improve performance in a 3-min all-out cycling test by increasing the total amount of work done above CP (W'). Methods: Eight habitually active subjects completed 3-min all-out sprints against fixed resistance in a blind randomized design after a dose of 0.3 g·kg-1 body mass of NaHCO3 and 0.045 g·kg-1 body mass of sodium chloride (placebo; PL trial). Blood acid-base status was assessed from arterialized fingertip blood samples before and after exercise. The CP was calculated as the mean power output during the final 30 s of the test, and the W' was estimated as the power-time integral >CP. Results: The NaHCO3 dose was effective in inducing preexercise alkalosis as indicated by changes in blood pH (PL = 7.40 ± 0.02 vs NaHCO3 = 7.46 ± 0.01, P < 0.001), [bicarbonate] (PL = 21.9 ± 3.0 vs NaHCO3 = 29.0 ± 3.8 mM, P < 0.05), and base excess (PL = -1.9 ± 2.5 vs NaHCO3 = 5.0 ± 3.0 mM, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the total work done (PL = 62.8 ± 10.1 vs NaHCO3 = 62.7 ± 10.1 kJ), the CP (PL = 248 ± 50 vs NaHCO3 = 251 ± 51 W), or the W' (PL = 18.2 ± 6.4 vs NaHCO3 = 17.5 ± 6.0 kJ) estimates between treatments. Conclusions: Despite notably enhanced blood-buffering capacity, NaHCO3 ingestion had no effect on the W', the CP, or the overall performance during 3 min of all-out cycling. It is concluded that preexercise blood alkalosis had no influence on the power-duration relationship for all-out exercise.

U2 - 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b71a4a

DO - 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b71a4a

M3 - Article

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JO - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

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