EEG Brain Connectivity Analysis to Detect Driver Drowsiness Using Coherence

Muhammad Awais, Nasreen Badruddin, Micheal Drieberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding (ISBN)

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drowsiness at the wheel is one of the major contributing factors towards road accidents. Therefore, efforts have been made to detect driver drowsiness using electroencephalogram (EEG). The use of EEG as a possible driver drowsiness indicator is commonly accepted. However, in this paper, we have studied brain connectivity measure instead of the traditional spectral power measures. For this purpose, the EEG coherence analysis is performed to examine the functional connectivity between various brain regions during the transitional phase, i.e., from alert state to drowsy state. Data collection is performed in a simulator based environment. Twenty-two healthy subjects voluntarily participated in the study after providing their consent. All possible combinations of inter- and intra-hemispheric coherences are analyzed. Because of the unavailability of common gold standard, video recordings are captured during the experiment to mark the drowsy state. To verify the statistical significance of the proposed features, paired t-test is performed. The analysis revealed significant differences (p0.05) in inter- and intra-hemispheric coherences (brain connectivity analysis) between alert and drowsy state, which shows the potential of coherence analysis in detection drowsiness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2017 International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages110-114
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781538635674
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2017
Event15th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2017 - Islamabad, Pakistan
Duration: 18 Dec 201720 Dec 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2017 International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2017
Volume2017-January

Conference

Conference15th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2017
CountryPakistan
CityIslamabad
Period18/12/1720/12/17

Keywords

  • Brain Connectivity
  • Coherence
  • Drowsiness
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Inter-hemispheric
  • Intra-hemispheric

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  • Cite this

    Awais, M., Badruddin, N., & Drieberg, M. (2017). EEG Brain Connectivity Analysis to Detect Driver Drowsiness Using Coherence. In Proceedings - 2017 International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2017 (pp. 110-114). (Proceedings - 2017 International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, FIT 2017; Vol. 2017-January). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIT.2017.00027