DSPM: Dual sequence prediction model for efficient energy management in micro-grid

Zulfiqar Ahmad Khan, Shabbir Ahmad Khan, Tanveer Hussain, Sung Wook Baik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Power generation and consumption predictions are fundamental for smart grid operations, addressing challenges posed by renewable energy variability and irregular consumer demand. This study introduces the Dual Sequence Predictive Model (DSPM) based on Spatiotemporal CNN (STCNN) architecture, offering a holistic solution for forecasting Electricity Generation (EG) and Electricity Consumption (EC) collectively. Leveraging STCNN, the DSPM efficiently extracts spatial and temporal information, improving prediction accuracy and processing speed. A 1D spatial attention module is added to capture crucial spatial dependencies in historical data. Incorporating shared historical weather information streamlines learning process and reduces model complexity. Extensive benchmark evaluations demonstrate the DSPM superior performance, achieving the lowest error rates compared to baseline models. The DSPM also employs the Kullback–Leibler Divergence (KLD) algorithm for power generation and consumption matching, ensuring efficient power distribution within smart and microgrids. Furthermore, the DSPM is evaluated alongside Single Sequence Prediction (SSP) models, providing a comprehensive analysis of its capabilities and comparisons with state-of-the-art models. The SSP model achieved an average RMSE reduction of 17.3% for solar EG data and 15.86% for IHEPC residential EC data, while DSPM reduced RMSE by 7.57% over PowerGrid dataset compared to baseline models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122339
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalApplied Energy
Early online date8 Dec 2023
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2024


  • Deep learning
  • Dual sequence prediction model
  • Power consumption prediction
  • Power generation prediction
  • Power matching
  • Short-term prediction
  • Smart/micro grid
  • Temporal convolutional neural network


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