Differences in Perceived Occupational Stress by Demographic Characteristics, of European Emergency Medical Services Personnel during the COVID-19 Virus Pandemic-An International Study

Tomasz Ilczak, Małgorzata Rak, Kacper Sumera, Carl Robert Christiansen, Esther Navarro-Illana, Pasi Alanen, Juha Jormakka, Elena Gurková, Darja Jarošová, Danka Boguská, Michał Ćwiertnia, Monika Mikulska, Wioletta Pollok-Wakmańska, Rafał Bobiński, Marek Kawecki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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Abstract

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has brought commercial, social, and economic consequences in every country that has experienced substantial SARS-CoV-2 infection rates. The complete change in the environment that took place due to the outbreak of the pandemic can lead to stressful situations, especially among healthcare personnel. The research were conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic between the 27 March 2020 and the 20 April 2020. The research included 1984 employees of emergency medical systems in seven European countries. An internet-based questionnaire format was adopted for the study (ΩMc-Donald > 0.7). The highest level of stress was experienced by personnel in the United Kingdom M = 4.03, and the lowest by Norwegian employees M = 2.89. High levels of stress were also experienced by nurses from Spain and Poland. Women actively working in the healthcare system during the pandemic experienced higher stress levels than men. Women working in European emergency medical systems are more vulnerable to work-related stress, while carrying out emergency medical procedures during the pandemic. Differences in the level of stress experienced while carrying out duties in pre-hospital conditions were only found among Spanish emergency medical system personnel.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1582
JournalHealthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number11
Early online date19 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • medical professionals
  • occupational stress
  • predictors of stress
  • emergency medical services
  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • emergency procedures

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