Determinants of caesarean section in Bangladesh: Cross-sectional analysis of Bangladesh demographic and health survey 2014 data

Mohammad Rifat Haider*, Mohammad Masudur Rahman, Md Moinuddin, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Shakil Ahmed, M. Mahmud Khan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
65 Downloads (Pure)


Background Caesarean section (CS) has been on the rise worldwide and Bangladesh is no exception. In Bangladesh, the CS rate, which includes both institutional and community-based deliveries, has increased from about 3% in 2000 to about 24% in 2014. This study examines the association of reported complications around delivery and socio-demographic, healthcare and spatial characteristics of mothers with CS, using data from the latest Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS). Methods The study is based on data from the 2014 BDHS. BDHS is a nationally representative survey which is conducted periodically and 2014 is the latest of the BDHS conducted. Data collected from 4,627 mothers who gave birth in health care institutions in three years preceding the survey were used in this study. Results Average age of the mothers was 24.6 years, while their average years of schooling were 3.2. Factors like mother being older, obese, residing in urban areas, first birth, maternal perception of large newborn size, husband being a professional, had higher number of antenatal care (ANC) visits, seeking ANC from private providers, and delivering in a private facility were statistically associated with higher rates of CS. Conclusions Bangladesh health system urgently needs policy guideline with monitoring of clinical indications of CS deliveries to avoid unnecessary CS. Strict adherence to this guideline, along with enhance knowledge on the unsafe nature of the unnecessary CS can achieve increased institutional normal delivery in future; otherwise, an emergency procedure may end up being a lucrative practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number9
Early online date12 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sept 2018


  • Health Survey


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