Dance/Movement Therapy (D/MT) for depression: A scoping review

A Mala, Vicky Karkou, B Meekums

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Depression affects 121 million people worldwide (WHO, 2010). The socio-economic repercussions of depression are putting an enormous strain on UK and US governmental health budgets. Regarding treatment interventions, D/MT and other arts therapies are widely practiced around the world as a treatment of choice for depression. Research evidence suggests that exercise has positive effects on mood. Similarly, it has been argued that dance has a positive social-cultural influence on a person’s wellbeing. However there are no systematic reviews that support the effectiveness of D/MT for people with a diagnosis of depression. It is therefore important to map the field of existing research studies of D/MT for depression. In this paper a scoping review is presented that engaged with an extensive search to best answer the question: is there good quality research evidence available regarding the effectiveness of D/MT and related fields for the treatment of depression? A search strategy was developed to locate publications from electronic databases, websites, arts therapies organizations and associations using specified criteria for including and excluding studies. All studies meeting the inclusion criteria were then evaluated for their quality, using broad criteria of quality such as type of methodology followed, number of participants, relevance of interventions and specific comparisons made and outcome measures. A total of nine studies were found. Six studies followed a randomized controlled trial design, and three adopted a non randomized design. At least one study met most criteria of quality. We concluded that there was a need to undertake a full systematic review of the literature and to follow a Cochrane Review protocol and procedures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-295
JournalThe Arts in Psychotherapy
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

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Dance Therapy
Art Therapy
Depression
Research
Dancing
Budgets
Randomized Controlled Trials
Economics
Organizations
Databases
Health

Keywords

  • Dance/Movement Therapy
  • Dance movement psychotherapy
  • Depression
  • Effectiveness
  • Systematic review
  • Randomized controlled trials

Cite this

@article{114822d38803450da4d2f3031eb1ea29,
title = "Dance/Movement Therapy (D/MT) for depression: A scoping review",
abstract = "Depression affects 121 million people worldwide (WHO, 2010). The socio-economic repercussions of depression are putting an enormous strain on UK and US governmental health budgets. Regarding treatment interventions, D/MT and other arts therapies are widely practiced around the world as a treatment of choice for depression. Research evidence suggests that exercise has positive effects on mood. Similarly, it has been argued that dance has a positive social-cultural influence on a person’s wellbeing. However there are no systematic reviews that support the effectiveness of D/MT for people with a diagnosis of depression. It is therefore important to map the field of existing research studies of D/MT for depression. In this paper a scoping review is presented that engaged with an extensive search to best answer the question: is there good quality research evidence available regarding the effectiveness of D/MT and related fields for the treatment of depression? A search strategy was developed to locate publications from electronic databases, websites, arts therapies organizations and associations using specified criteria for including and excluding studies. All studies meeting the inclusion criteria were then evaluated for their quality, using broad criteria of quality such as type of methodology followed, number of participants, relevance of interventions and specific comparisons made and outcome measures. A total of nine studies were found. Six studies followed a randomized controlled trial design, and three adopted a non randomized design. At least one study met most criteria of quality. We concluded that there was a need to undertake a full systematic review of the literature and to follow a Cochrane Review protocol and procedures.",
keywords = "Dance/Movement Therapy, Dance movement psychotherapy, Depression, Effectiveness, Systematic review, Randomized controlled trials",
author = "A Mala and Vicky Karkou and B Meekums",
note = "Alpert, P. T., Miller, S. K., Wallmann, H., Harvey, R., Cross, C., Chevalia, T., et al. (2009). The effect of modified jazz dance on balance, cognition and mood in older adults. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21, 108–115. American Psychological Association (APA). (2012). Available online http://www.apa.org/about/division/activities/guidelines.aspx. Arean, P. A. (2011). Mental Health Service use of disparities in low-income, ethnic-minority, older adults. Available online. http://www.apa.org/about/gr/ issues/aging/arean-briefing.pdf Arksey, H., & O’Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19–32. Belza, B., Walwick, J., Shiu-Thornton, S., Schwartz, T. M., & LoGerfo, J. (2004). Older adult perspectives on physical activity and exercise: Voice from multiple cultures. Preventing Chronic Disease; Public Health Research, Practice and Policy, 1(4) Berrol, C. (2012). The expanding options of experimental research in dance movement therapy. In R. F. Cruz, & C. F. Berrol (Eds.), Dance/movement therapists in action: A working guide to research options (2nd ed., pp. 23–44). Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas. Bradshaw, T., Lovell, K., & Hams, N. (2005). Healthy living interventions and schizophrenia. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 49(6), 634–654. Bradt, J., Goodill, S., & Dileo, C. (2011). Dance movement therapy for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients [Review]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (10) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858. CD007103.pub2(Art. No. CD007103) Brauninger, I. (2006). Treatment modalities and self-expectancy of therapists: Modes, self-efficacy and imagination of clients in dance movement therapy. Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy, 1(2), 95–114. Brooks, D., & Stark, A. (1989). The effect of dance/movement therapy on affect. A pilot study. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 11(2), 101–112. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2010). Available online www.cdc.gov/. Cochrane Collaboration. (2012). Cochrane Reviews. Available online http://www.cochrane.org/cochrane-reviews Accessed 02.03.12. Craft, E. L., & Landers, D. M. (1988). The effects of exercise on clinical depression and depression resulting from mental illness: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 20, 339–357. Cruz, R., & Saber, D. (1998). Dance/Movement Therapy is more effective than previously reported. Arts in Psychotherapy, 25(2), 101–104. Dimeo, F., Bauer, M., Varahram, I., Proest, G., & Halter, H. (2001). Benefits from aerobic exercise in patients with major depression: A pilot study. The British Journal of Sports and Medicine, 35, 114–117. Eccels, M., Freemantle, N., & Mason, J. (2001). Using systematic reviews in clinical guideline development. In M. Egger, G. D. Smith, & D. G. Atman (Eds.), Systematic reviews in health care: Meta-analysis in context (pp. 400–418). London: British Medical Journal Books. Erkkila, J., Gold, C., Fachner, J., Ala-Ruona, E., Punkanen, M., & Vanhala, M. (2008). The effect of improvisational music therapy on the treatment of depression: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 8(50) Eyigor, S., Karapolat, H., Durmaz, B., Ibisoglu, U., & Cakir, S. (2009). A randomized controlled of Turkish Folklore dance on the physical performance, balance, depression and quality of life in older women. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 48, 84–88. Friedlander, M. L., Escudero, V., Horvath, A., Heatherington, L., Cabero, A., & Martens, M. P. (2006). System for observing family therapy alliances: A tool for research and practice. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(2), 214–224. Grunenberg, A. M., Goldstein, R. D., & Pincus, H. A. (2005). Classification of depression: Research and diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV and ICD-10). In J. Licinio, & M. Wong (Eds.), Biology of depression, from novel insights to therapeutic strategies. Weinheim: WILEY VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Harden, J. (1989). Effect of movement group therapy on depression, morale and selfesteem in aged women. Doctoral dissertation. University of Texas at Austin. Higgins, J. P. T., & Green, S. (Eds.). (2011). Cochrane handbook for systematic review of interventions. Version 5.0.2 [updated September 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration. Available online. www.cochrane-handbook.org Hui, E., Chui, B. T., & Woo, J. (2008). Effects of dance on physical and psychological well-being in older persons. Archive of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 49(1), 45–50. Jeon, M. Y., Bark, E. S., Lee, E. G., Im, J. S., Jeong, B. S., & Choe, E. S. (2005). The effects of a Korean traditional dance movement programme in elderly women. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi, 35(7), 1268–1276. Jeong, Y. J., Hong, S. C., Lee, M. S., & Park, M. (2005). Dance Movement Therapy improves emotional responses and modulates neurohormones in adolescents with mild depression. International Journal of Neuroscience, 115, 1711–1720. Karkou, V. (2009). Evidence based practice and practice based evidence in arts therapies. In Keynote speech at the 7th international arts therapies conference Contemporary Arts Therapies – Theory and Practice 17–19/07/09,. Cesis, Latvia: Riga Stradins University. Karkou, V., Fullarton, A., & Scarth, S. (2010). Finding a way out of the labyrinth through dance movement psychotherapy: Collaborative work in a mental health promotion programme for secondary schools. In V. Karkou (Ed.), Arts therapies in schools: Research and practice (pp. 59–84). London: Jessica Kingsley. Karkou, V., & Sanderson, P. (2006). Arts Therapies; a research-based map of the field. Edinburgh: Elsevier. Kerse, N., Falloon, K., Moyes, S. A., Hayman, K. J., Dowell, T., Kolt, G. S., et al. (2008). DeLLITE depression in late life: An intervention trial of exercise. Design and recruitment of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Geriatrics, 8(12). Koch, S., Morlinghaus, K., & Fuchs, T. (2007). The joy of dance specific effects of a single dance intervention on psychiatric patients with depression. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 34, 340–349. Lawlor, D. A., & Hopker, S. W. (2001). The effectiveness of exercise as an intervention in the management of depression: Systematic review and meta-regression analysis of randomized controlled trials. British Medical Journal, 322. Leach, M. (2006). Evidence-based practice: A framework for clinical practice and research design. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 12(5), 248–251. Leahy, R. (2010). The cost of depression. Available online. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-leahy-phd/the-cost-ofdepression b 770805.html Luborsky, L., Rosenthal, R., Diguer, L., Andrusyna, T. P., Berman, J. S., Levitt, J. T., et al. (2002). The dodo effect is alive and well – Mostly. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9(1), 2–12. Maratos, A., Gold, C., Wang, X., & Crawford, C. (2009). Music therapy for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2008(1) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ 14651858.CD004517.pub2(Art. No. CD004517) Mason, D. J., Leavitt, J. K., & Chaffee, M. W. (2002). Policy and politics in nursing and health care (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier. Mead, Movely, & Campbell. (2008). Exercise for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4), CD004366. Medical News Today. (2005). Costs of antidepressants could have funded effective alternatives, UK. Available online. www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/21465.php Meekums, B. (1999). A creative model for recovery from child sexual abuse trauma. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 26(4), 247–259. Meekums, B. (2002). Dance movement therapy. London: Sage. Meekums, B. (2006). Embodiment in dance movement therapy training and practice. In H. Payne (Ed.), Dance movement therapy: Theory, research and practice (pp. 167–183). London: Routledge. Meekums, B. (2010). Moving towards evidence for dance movement therapy; Robin Hood in dialogue with the king. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 37, 35–41. Meekums, B., Karkou, V., & Nelson, E. A. N. (2012). Dance movement therapy for depression (protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (6). Meekums, B., Vaverniece, I., & Dusele, I. (2012). Dance movement therapy for obese women with emotional eating: A controlled pilot study. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 39(2), 126–133. Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Making the case for evidence-based practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). (2009). Depression: The treatment and management of depression in adults. Retrieved from http://www. nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/Depression Update FULL GUIDELINE.pdf National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (2005). National Institute of Health Department of Health and Human Services FY 2005 Budget. Available online www.nimh.nih.gov/aboutbudget/cj2005.pdf. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (2006, last reviewed 2010). Questions and answers about the NIMH sequenced treatment alternatives to relieve depression (STAR*D) study – Background. Available online http://www.nimh.nih.gov/trials/practical/stard/backgroundstudy.shtml. Author's personal copy A. Mala et al. / The Arts in Psychotherapy 39 (2012) 287– 295 295 Office of National Statistics. (2000). Psychiatric Morbidity Report among adults living in private households. Available online. www.statistics.gov.uk Payne., H. (2009). Pilot study to evaluate dance movement psychotherapy (the body mind approach), in patients with medically unexplained symptoms: Participant and facilitator perceptions and a summary discussion. Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy, 4(2), 77–94. Ritter, M., & Low, K. G. (1996). Effects of dance/movement therapy; a meta-analysis. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 23, 249–269. Rohrict, F., & Priebe, S. (2006). The effect of Body Orientated psychological therapy on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial. Psychological Nursing, 36(5), 669–678. Scott, J., & Dickey, B. (2003). Editorial: Global burden of depression: The intersection of culture and medicine. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 183, 92–94. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). (2010). Non-pharmaceutical management of depression. Retrieved from http://www.sign.ac.uk/guidelines/ fulltext/114/index.html Sjosten, N., & Kivela, S. L. (2005). The effects of physical exercise on depressive symptoms among the aged: A systematic review. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21(2), 410–418. Stewart, N. J., McMullen, L. M., & Rubin, L. D. (1994). Movement Therapy with depressed inpatients: A randomized multiple single case design. Archive of Psychiatric Nursing, VIII(1), 22–29. Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Mellor-Clark, J., & Connell, J. (2007). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral: Person-centered, psychodynamic therapies in UK primary-care routine practice: Replication in a larger sample. Psychological Medicine, 38, 677–688. Sundararman, R. (2009). The U.S. Mental Health Delivery System Infrastructure: A primer. Congressional Research Service 7-5700, R40536. Available online www.crs.gov. The Center for Economic Performance’s Mental Health Policy Group. (2006). The Depression Report: A new deal for depression and anxiety disorders. Retrieved from http://cep.lse.ac.uk/textonly/research/mentalhealth/ DEPRESSION REPORT LAYARD.pdf The Department of Health. (2008). Improving access to psychological therapies (IAPT); long-term conditions positive practice guide. Available online. www.dh.gov.uk/publications The Scottish Government. (2008). Heat targets for psychological therapies. Retrieved from www.scotland.gov.uk U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2011). Available online http://www.hhs.gov/. Williams, L., & Tappen, R. M. (2007). Effect of exercise on mood in nursing home residents with Alzheimer’s disease. National Institute of Health, Public Access; PMC December 2007. World Health Organization (WHO). (2010). Depression. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mental health/management/depression/definition/en/ Wu, S. M., & I-Shou, U. (2002). Effects of music therapy on anxiety, depression and self esteem of undergraduates. An International Journal of Psychology in the Orient, 45(2), 104–114. Xia, J., & Grant, T. J. (2009). Dance therapy for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (I). ISSN: 1469-493. Zorumski, C., & Rubin, E. (2011). Demystifing psychiatry. Psychology Today. Available online http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/demystifying-psychiatry/ 201101/how-many-people-are-treated-depression.",
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Dance/Movement Therapy (D/MT) for depression: A scoping review. / Mala, A; Karkou, Vicky; Meekums, B.

In: The Arts in Psychotherapy, Vol. 39, No. 4, 09.2012, p. 287-295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dance/Movement Therapy (D/MT) for depression: A scoping review

AU - Mala, A

AU - Karkou, Vicky

AU - Meekums, B

N1 - Alpert, P. T., Miller, S. K., Wallmann, H., Harvey, R., Cross, C., Chevalia, T., et al. (2009). The effect of modified jazz dance on balance, cognition and mood in older adults. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21, 108–115. American Psychological Association (APA). (2012). Available online http://www.apa.org/about/division/activities/guidelines.aspx. Arean, P. A. (2011). Mental Health Service use of disparities in low-income, ethnic-minority, older adults. Available online. http://www.apa.org/about/gr/ issues/aging/arean-briefing.pdf Arksey, H., & O’Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19–32. Belza, B., Walwick, J., Shiu-Thornton, S., Schwartz, T. M., & LoGerfo, J. (2004). Older adult perspectives on physical activity and exercise: Voice from multiple cultures. Preventing Chronic Disease; Public Health Research, Practice and Policy, 1(4) Berrol, C. (2012). The expanding options of experimental research in dance movement therapy. In R. F. Cruz, & C. F. Berrol (Eds.), Dance/movement therapists in action: A working guide to research options (2nd ed., pp. 23–44). Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas. Bradshaw, T., Lovell, K., & Hams, N. (2005). Healthy living interventions and schizophrenia. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 49(6), 634–654. Bradt, J., Goodill, S., & Dileo, C. (2011). Dance movement therapy for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients [Review]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (10) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858. CD007103.pub2(Art. No. CD007103) Brauninger, I. (2006). Treatment modalities and self-expectancy of therapists: Modes, self-efficacy and imagination of clients in dance movement therapy. Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy, 1(2), 95–114. Brooks, D., & Stark, A. (1989). The effect of dance/movement therapy on affect. A pilot study. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 11(2), 101–112. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2010). Available online www.cdc.gov/. Cochrane Collaboration. (2012). Cochrane Reviews. Available online http://www.cochrane.org/cochrane-reviews Accessed 02.03.12. Craft, E. L., & Landers, D. M. (1988). The effects of exercise on clinical depression and depression resulting from mental illness: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 20, 339–357. Cruz, R., & Saber, D. (1998). Dance/Movement Therapy is more effective than previously reported. Arts in Psychotherapy, 25(2), 101–104. Dimeo, F., Bauer, M., Varahram, I., Proest, G., & Halter, H. (2001). Benefits from aerobic exercise in patients with major depression: A pilot study. The British Journal of Sports and Medicine, 35, 114–117. Eccels, M., Freemantle, N., & Mason, J. (2001). Using systematic reviews in clinical guideline development. In M. Egger, G. D. Smith, & D. G. Atman (Eds.), Systematic reviews in health care: Meta-analysis in context (pp. 400–418). London: British Medical Journal Books. Erkkila, J., Gold, C., Fachner, J., Ala-Ruona, E., Punkanen, M., & Vanhala, M. (2008). The effect of improvisational music therapy on the treatment of depression: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 8(50) Eyigor, S., Karapolat, H., Durmaz, B., Ibisoglu, U., & Cakir, S. (2009). A randomized controlled of Turkish Folklore dance on the physical performance, balance, depression and quality of life in older women. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 48, 84–88. Friedlander, M. L., Escudero, V., Horvath, A., Heatherington, L., Cabero, A., & Martens, M. P. (2006). System for observing family therapy alliances: A tool for research and practice. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(2), 214–224. Grunenberg, A. M., Goldstein, R. D., & Pincus, H. A. (2005). Classification of depression: Research and diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV and ICD-10). In J. Licinio, & M. Wong (Eds.), Biology of depression, from novel insights to therapeutic strategies. Weinheim: WILEY VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Harden, J. (1989). Effect of movement group therapy on depression, morale and selfesteem in aged women. Doctoral dissertation. University of Texas at Austin. Higgins, J. P. T., & Green, S. (Eds.). (2011). Cochrane handbook for systematic review of interventions. Version 5.0.2 [updated September 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration. Available online. www.cochrane-handbook.org Hui, E., Chui, B. T., & Woo, J. (2008). Effects of dance on physical and psychological well-being in older persons. Archive of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 49(1), 45–50. Jeon, M. Y., Bark, E. S., Lee, E. G., Im, J. S., Jeong, B. S., & Choe, E. S. (2005). The effects of a Korean traditional dance movement programme in elderly women. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi, 35(7), 1268–1276. Jeong, Y. J., Hong, S. C., Lee, M. S., & Park, M. (2005). Dance Movement Therapy improves emotional responses and modulates neurohormones in adolescents with mild depression. International Journal of Neuroscience, 115, 1711–1720. Karkou, V. (2009). Evidence based practice and practice based evidence in arts therapies. In Keynote speech at the 7th international arts therapies conference Contemporary Arts Therapies – Theory and Practice 17–19/07/09,. Cesis, Latvia: Riga Stradins University. Karkou, V., Fullarton, A., & Scarth, S. (2010). Finding a way out of the labyrinth through dance movement psychotherapy: Collaborative work in a mental health promotion programme for secondary schools. In V. Karkou (Ed.), Arts therapies in schools: Research and practice (pp. 59–84). London: Jessica Kingsley. Karkou, V., & Sanderson, P. (2006). Arts Therapies; a research-based map of the field. Edinburgh: Elsevier. Kerse, N., Falloon, K., Moyes, S. A., Hayman, K. J., Dowell, T., Kolt, G. S., et al. (2008). DeLLITE depression in late life: An intervention trial of exercise. Design and recruitment of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Geriatrics, 8(12). Koch, S., Morlinghaus, K., & Fuchs, T. (2007). The joy of dance specific effects of a single dance intervention on psychiatric patients with depression. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 34, 340–349. Lawlor, D. A., & Hopker, S. W. (2001). The effectiveness of exercise as an intervention in the management of depression: Systematic review and meta-regression analysis of randomized controlled trials. British Medical Journal, 322. Leach, M. (2006). Evidence-based practice: A framework for clinical practice and research design. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 12(5), 248–251. Leahy, R. (2010). The cost of depression. Available online. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-leahy-phd/the-cost-ofdepression b 770805.html Luborsky, L., Rosenthal, R., Diguer, L., Andrusyna, T. P., Berman, J. S., Levitt, J. T., et al. (2002). The dodo effect is alive and well – Mostly. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9(1), 2–12. Maratos, A., Gold, C., Wang, X., & Crawford, C. (2009). Music therapy for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2008(1) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ 14651858.CD004517.pub2(Art. No. CD004517) Mason, D. J., Leavitt, J. K., & Chaffee, M. W. (2002). Policy and politics in nursing and health care (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier. Mead, Movely, & Campbell. (2008). Exercise for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4), CD004366. Medical News Today. (2005). Costs of antidepressants could have funded effective alternatives, UK. Available online. www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/21465.php Meekums, B. (1999). A creative model for recovery from child sexual abuse trauma. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 26(4), 247–259. Meekums, B. (2002). Dance movement therapy. London: Sage. Meekums, B. (2006). Embodiment in dance movement therapy training and practice. In H. Payne (Ed.), Dance movement therapy: Theory, research and practice (pp. 167–183). London: Routledge. Meekums, B. (2010). Moving towards evidence for dance movement therapy; Robin Hood in dialogue with the king. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 37, 35–41. Meekums, B., Karkou, V., & Nelson, E. A. N. (2012). Dance movement therapy for depression (protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (6). Meekums, B., Vaverniece, I., & Dusele, I. (2012). Dance movement therapy for obese women with emotional eating: A controlled pilot study. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 39(2), 126–133. Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Making the case for evidence-based practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). (2009). Depression: The treatment and management of depression in adults. Retrieved from http://www. nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/Depression Update FULL GUIDELINE.pdf National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (2005). National Institute of Health Department of Health and Human Services FY 2005 Budget. Available online www.nimh.nih.gov/aboutbudget/cj2005.pdf. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (2006, last reviewed 2010). Questions and answers about the NIMH sequenced treatment alternatives to relieve depression (STAR*D) study – Background. Available online http://www.nimh.nih.gov/trials/practical/stard/backgroundstudy.shtml. Author's personal copy A. Mala et al. / The Arts in Psychotherapy 39 (2012) 287– 295 295 Office of National Statistics. (2000). Psychiatric Morbidity Report among adults living in private households. Available online. www.statistics.gov.uk Payne., H. (2009). Pilot study to evaluate dance movement psychotherapy (the body mind approach), in patients with medically unexplained symptoms: Participant and facilitator perceptions and a summary discussion. Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy, 4(2), 77–94. Ritter, M., & Low, K. G. (1996). Effects of dance/movement therapy; a meta-analysis. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 23, 249–269. Rohrict, F., & Priebe, S. (2006). The effect of Body Orientated psychological therapy on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial. Psychological Nursing, 36(5), 669–678. Scott, J., & Dickey, B. (2003). Editorial: Global burden of depression: The intersection of culture and medicine. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 183, 92–94. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). (2010). Non-pharmaceutical management of depression. Retrieved from http://www.sign.ac.uk/guidelines/ fulltext/114/index.html Sjosten, N., & Kivela, S. L. (2005). The effects of physical exercise on depressive symptoms among the aged: A systematic review. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21(2), 410–418. Stewart, N. J., McMullen, L. M., & Rubin, L. D. (1994). Movement Therapy with depressed inpatients: A randomized multiple single case design. Archive of Psychiatric Nursing, VIII(1), 22–29. Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Mellor-Clark, J., & Connell, J. (2007). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral: Person-centered, psychodynamic therapies in UK primary-care routine practice: Replication in a larger sample. Psychological Medicine, 38, 677–688. Sundararman, R. (2009). The U.S. Mental Health Delivery System Infrastructure: A primer. Congressional Research Service 7-5700, R40536. Available online www.crs.gov. The Center for Economic Performance’s Mental Health Policy Group. (2006). The Depression Report: A new deal for depression and anxiety disorders. Retrieved from http://cep.lse.ac.uk/textonly/research/mentalhealth/ DEPRESSION REPORT LAYARD.pdf The Department of Health. (2008). Improving access to psychological therapies (IAPT); long-term conditions positive practice guide. Available online. www.dh.gov.uk/publications The Scottish Government. (2008). Heat targets for psychological therapies. Retrieved from www.scotland.gov.uk U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2011). Available online http://www.hhs.gov/. Williams, L., & Tappen, R. M. (2007). Effect of exercise on mood in nursing home residents with Alzheimer’s disease. National Institute of Health, Public Access; PMC December 2007. World Health Organization (WHO). (2010). Depression. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mental health/management/depression/definition/en/ Wu, S. M., & I-Shou, U. (2002). Effects of music therapy on anxiety, depression and self esteem of undergraduates. An International Journal of Psychology in the Orient, 45(2), 104–114. Xia, J., & Grant, T. J. (2009). Dance therapy for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (I). ISSN: 1469-493. Zorumski, C., & Rubin, E. (2011). Demystifing psychiatry. Psychology Today. Available online http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/demystifying-psychiatry/ 201101/how-many-people-are-treated-depression.

PY - 2012/9

Y1 - 2012/9

N2 - Depression affects 121 million people worldwide (WHO, 2010). The socio-economic repercussions of depression are putting an enormous strain on UK and US governmental health budgets. Regarding treatment interventions, D/MT and other arts therapies are widely practiced around the world as a treatment of choice for depression. Research evidence suggests that exercise has positive effects on mood. Similarly, it has been argued that dance has a positive social-cultural influence on a person’s wellbeing. However there are no systematic reviews that support the effectiveness of D/MT for people with a diagnosis of depression. It is therefore important to map the field of existing research studies of D/MT for depression. In this paper a scoping review is presented that engaged with an extensive search to best answer the question: is there good quality research evidence available regarding the effectiveness of D/MT and related fields for the treatment of depression? A search strategy was developed to locate publications from electronic databases, websites, arts therapies organizations and associations using specified criteria for including and excluding studies. All studies meeting the inclusion criteria were then evaluated for their quality, using broad criteria of quality such as type of methodology followed, number of participants, relevance of interventions and specific comparisons made and outcome measures. A total of nine studies were found. Six studies followed a randomized controlled trial design, and three adopted a non randomized design. At least one study met most criteria of quality. We concluded that there was a need to undertake a full systematic review of the literature and to follow a Cochrane Review protocol and procedures.

AB - Depression affects 121 million people worldwide (WHO, 2010). The socio-economic repercussions of depression are putting an enormous strain on UK and US governmental health budgets. Regarding treatment interventions, D/MT and other arts therapies are widely practiced around the world as a treatment of choice for depression. Research evidence suggests that exercise has positive effects on mood. Similarly, it has been argued that dance has a positive social-cultural influence on a person’s wellbeing. However there are no systematic reviews that support the effectiveness of D/MT for people with a diagnosis of depression. It is therefore important to map the field of existing research studies of D/MT for depression. In this paper a scoping review is presented that engaged with an extensive search to best answer the question: is there good quality research evidence available regarding the effectiveness of D/MT and related fields for the treatment of depression? A search strategy was developed to locate publications from electronic databases, websites, arts therapies organizations and associations using specified criteria for including and excluding studies. All studies meeting the inclusion criteria were then evaluated for their quality, using broad criteria of quality such as type of methodology followed, number of participants, relevance of interventions and specific comparisons made and outcome measures. A total of nine studies were found. Six studies followed a randomized controlled trial design, and three adopted a non randomized design. At least one study met most criteria of quality. We concluded that there was a need to undertake a full systematic review of the literature and to follow a Cochrane Review protocol and procedures.

KW - Dance/Movement Therapy

KW - Dance movement psychotherapy

KW - Depression

KW - Effectiveness

KW - Systematic review

KW - Randomized controlled trials

U2 - 10.1016/j.aip.2012.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.aip.2012.04.002

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 287

EP - 295

JO - Arts in Psychotherapy

JF - Arts in Psychotherapy

SN - 0197-4556

IS - 4

ER -