Cycling in virtual reality: modelling behaviour in an immersive environment

Martyna Bogacz*, Stephane Hess, Charisma F. Choudhury, Chiara Calastri, Faisal Mushtaq, Muhammad Awais, Mohsen Nazemi, Michael A.B. van Eggermond, Alexander Erath

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Immersive technologies in transport research are gaining popularity, allowing for data collection in a controlled dynamic setting. Nonetheless, their ecological validity is still to be established hence their use in mathematical modelling in a transport setting has been scarce. We aim to fill this gap by conducting a study of cycling behaviour where non-immersive and immersive presentation methods are used in a virtual reality setting. The results confirm our hypothesis that participants behave differently when shown a choice scenario in non-immersive and immersive settings. In particular, cycling in an immersive setting is characterised by a higher degree of engagement. We also captured neural activity during task performance. We focussed on oscillations in the alpha (α) band where we found increased suppression in this signal in response to the immersive condition relative to the non-immersive. These results complement the behavioural findings and indicate that immersive environments may increase levels of task-engagement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)608-622
Number of pages15
JournalTransportation Letters
Issue number8
Early online date29 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2020


  • cycling
  • EEG
  • risk
  • Road user behaviour
  • virtual reality


Dive into the research topics of 'Cycling in virtual reality: modelling behaviour in an immersive environment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this