CSITime: Privacy-preserving human activity recognition using WiFi channel state information

Santosh Kumar Yadav, Siva Sai, Akshay Gundewar, Heena Rathore, Kamlesh Tiwari, Hari Mohan Pandey*, Mohit Mathur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Human activity recognition (HAR) is an important task in many applications such as smart homes, sports analysis, healthcare services, etc. Popular modalities for human activity recognition involving computer vision and inertial sensors are in the literature for solving HAR, however, they face serious limitations with respect to different illumination, background, clutter, obtrusiveness, and other factors. In recent years, WiFi channel state information (CSI) based activity recognition is gaining momentum due to its many advantages including easy deployability, and cost-effectiveness. This work proposes CSITime, a modified InceptionTime network architecture, a generic architecture for CSI-based human activity recognition. We perceive CSI activity recognition as a multi-variate time series problem. The methodology of CSITime is threefold. First, we pre-process CSI signals followed by data augmentation using two label-mixing strategies — mixup and cutmix to enhance the neural network’s learning. Second, in the basic block of CSITime, features from multiple convolutional kernels are concatenated and passed through a self-attention layer followed by a fully connected layer with Mish activation. CSITime network consists of six such blocks followed by a global average pooling layer and a final fully connected layer for the final classification. Third, in the training of the neural network, instead of adopting general training procedures such as early stopping, we use one-cycle policy and cosine annealing to monitor the learning rate. The proposed model has been tested on publicly available benchmark datasets, i . e . , ARIL, StanWiFi, and SignFi datasets. The proposed CSITime has achieved accuracy of 98.20%, 98%, and 95.42% on ARIL, StanWiFi, and SignFi datasets, respectively, for WiFi-based activity recognition. This is an improvement on state-of-the-art accuracies by 3.3%, 0.67%, and 0.82% on ARIL, StanWiFi, and SignFi datasets, respectively. In lab-5 users’ scenario of the SignFi dataset, which has the training and testing data from different distributions, our model achieved accuracy was 2.17% higher than state-of-the-art, which shows the comparative robustness of our model.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberNEUNET-D-21-00888R1
Pages (from-to)11-21
JournalNeural Networks
Volume146
Early online date16 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Human activity recognition
  • WiFi Channel State Information
  • Time series classification
  • Data augmentation

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