CSF Secretion Is Not Altered by NKCC1 Nor TRPV4 Antagonism in Healthy Rats

Steven W Bothwell, Daniel Omileke, Adjanie Patabendige, Neil J Spratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) secretion can be targeted to reduce elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter 1 (NKCC1) antagonism is used clinically. However, supporting evidence is limited. The transient receptor potential vanilloid-4 (TRPV4) channel may also regulate CSF secretion and ICP elevation. We investigated whether antagonism of these proteins reduces CSF secretion. Methods: We quantified CSF secretion rates in male Wistar rats. The cerebral aqueduct was blocked with viscous mineral oil, and a lateral ventricle was cannulated. Secretion rate was measured at baseline and after antagonist administration. Acetazolamide was administered as a positive control to confirm changes in CSF secretion rates. Results: Neither NKCC1, nor TRPV4 antagonism altered CSF secretion rate from baseline, n = 3, t(2) = 1.14, p = 0.37, and n = 4, t(3) = 0.58, p = 0.6, respectively. Acetazolamide reduced CSF secretion by ~50% across all groups, n = 7, t(6) = 4.294, p = 0.005. Conclusions: Acute antagonism of NKCC1 and TRPV4 proteins at the choroid plexus does not reduce CSF secretion in healthy rats. Further investigation of protein changes and antagonism should be explored in neurological disease where increased CSF secretion and ICP are observed before discounting the therapeutic potential of protein antagonism at these sites.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1117
Pages (from-to)1117
JournalBrain Sciences
Issue number9
Early online date24 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2021


  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • choroid plexus
  • NKCC1
  • TRPV4
  • intracranial pressure
  • loop diuretics


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