CPR Quality Officer Role to Improve CPR Quality: A Multi- Centred International Simulation Randomised Control Trial

Kacper Sumera*, Tomasz Ilczak, Morten Bakkerud, Jon DEARNLEY-LANE, Jeremy Pallas, Sandra Martorell, Agnieszka Sumera, Carl Webster, Tom Quinn, JOHN SANDARS, Niroshan Siriwardena

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Background
An out-of-hospital cardiac arrest requires early recognition, prompt and quality clinical interventions, and coordination between different clinicians to improve outcomes. Clinical team leaders and clinical teams have high levels of cognitive burden. We aimed to investigate the effect of a dedicated Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Quality Officer role on team performance.

Methods
This multi-centre randomised control trial used simulation in universities from the UK, Poland, and Norway. Student Paramedics participated in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest scenarios before randomisation to either traditional roles or assigning one member as the CPR Quality Officer. The quality of CPR was measured using QCPR® and Advanced Life Support (ALS) elements were evaluated.

Results
In total, 36 teams (108 individuals) participated. CPR quality from the first attempt (72.45%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 64.94 to 79.97) significantly increased after addition of the CPR Quality role (81.14%, 95% CI 74.20 to 88.07, p = 0.045).Improvement was not seen in the control group. The time to first defibrillation had no significant difference in the intervention group between the first attempt (53.77, 95% CI 36.57 -70.98) and the second attempt (48.68, 95% CI 31.31 - 66.05, p = 0.84). The time to manage an obstructive airway in the intervention group showed significant difference (p = 0.006) in the first attempt (168.95, 95% CI 110.54 -227.37) compared with the second attempt (136.95, 95% CI 87.03 -186.88, p = 0.1).

Conclusion
A dedicated CPR Quality Officer in simulated scenarios improved the quality of CPR compressions without a negative impact on time to first defibrillation, managing the airway, or adherence to local ALS protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100537
Pages (from-to)1-6
JournalResuscitation Plus
Volume17
Early online date2 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
  • CPR quality
  • Quality Officer
  • Resuscitation

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