Contracting with Students: Re-Thinking Higher Education as ‘Invitation to Treat’

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    15 Downloads (Pure)


    This paper takes as its starting point the idea of universities contracting with students, and of the increased consumer protections for students that such contracts afford. It begins by considering what is at stake in creating a legally binding contract. Using examples from contract law, it then argues that it is difficult to think of a university Higher Education in such terms. While contracts in relation to matters such as campus accommodation offer benefits and protections for both parties, contracting with students over their educational experience is highly problematic because of the precise stipulation of terms that is required. The paper seeks to understand what is distinctive about a Higher Education experience through a concept from contract law known as an invitation to treat. The paper argues that the notions of invitation and negotiation that are at its heart better illustrate the possibilities that a Higher Education afford.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)63-74
    Number of pages12
    JournalHigher Education Quarterly
    Issue number1
    Early online date9 Jul 2019
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


    • contracts
    • invitation
    • invitation to treat


    Dive into the research topics of 'Contracting with Students: Re-Thinking Higher Education as ‘Invitation to Treat’'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this