Constructs associated with youth crime and violence amongst 6-18 year olds: A systematic review of systematic reviews

Roz Ullman, Tanya Lereya, Freya Glendinnin, Jessica Deighton, Angelika Labno, SHAUN LIVERPOOL, Julian Edbrooke-Childs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

Abstract

It is the duty of adults in the network around young people (e.g., parents/carers, educators, professionals) to meet their different needs. According to Child-First philosophy, if a young person becomes involved in youth crime and violence, this might be due to unmet needs that have escalated to the point of crisis. Research indicates a gamut of possible constructs indicating needs and strengths, and the aim of the present research was to identify constructs with evidence of association with youth crime and violence amongst 6-18 year olds. A systematic review of systematic reviews was conducted and, from 4819 identified hits, included 30 systematic reviews. Constructs with more consistent evidence of protective association were rejection or absence of drug or alcohol use, positive family relationships and support, and education and employment opportunities. Constructs with more consistent evidence of being a need were low empathy, dating abuse (both perpetration and victimisation), and bullying perpetration. There is an urgent need for routine, ongoing, and co-produced assessment of children and young people's needs in order to achieve equity in positive outcomes for all children and young people.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101906
Pages (from-to)1-57
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Volume75
Early online date27 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • NeedsProtective factors
  • Youth crime
  • Youth violence
  • Systematic review
  • Needs
  • Protective factors

Research Institutes

  • Health Research Institute

Research Centres

  • Centre for Social Responsibility
  • Research Centre for Arts and Wellbeing
  • Sport and Mental Health Research Centre

Research Groups

  • Children and Young People Research Network
  • Children's Rights and Wellbeing Research Network

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