Concurrent changes in eccentric hamstring strength and knee joint kinematics induced by soccer-specific fatigue

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Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the influence of soccer-specific fatigue on concurrent changes in knee joint kinematics and hamstring strength, given the increased risk of injury during the latter stages of match-play and the prevalence of knee joint and hamstring muscular injury. Design: Repeated measures, randomized order trials. Setting: Laboratory. Participants: Ten male professional soccer players. Main Outcome Measures: Reactive inversion, eversion and neutral hop tasks were completed at 15 min intervals during a soccer-specific protocol, with touchdown knee joint kinematics in the frontal and sagittal planes calculated at 200Hz. In a separate trial, players completed maximal eccentric knee flexions at 160°·s-1 (reflecting average knee angular velocity in the functional task) at 15 min intervals, quantifying peak torque. Results: All trials were characterized by knee varus at touchdown, with ~4° greater mal-alignment elicited over the final 15 mins of the protocol (P ≤ 0.05). Peak eccentric hamstring strength was significantly (P = 0.045) reduced throughout the 2nd half. Conclusions: The coincident impairment of eccentric hamstring strength and increased knee varus at touchdown predisposes the player to injury, supporting epidemiological observations. Knee varus in these elite male players is in marked contrast to the valgus associated with ACL injury risk in female players.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-26
JournalPhysical Therapy in Sport
Volume37
Early online date18 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Fatigue
  • Soccer
  • Eccentric
  • hamstring
  • strength
  • Knee varus

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