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Through the various contributions to this book some common themes have emerged. In this concluding chapter these themes are brought together in proposing a form of criminal justice framed within the context of hope, mercy and restoration, that radically challenges the retributive orthodoxy. This may be accused of utopianism; yet, it is suggested that shifts in emphasis are possible that demonstrate love. Through the various contributions a common theme of dignity emerged, that those who encounter criminal justice agencies are met with respect, irrespective of what they have done. Furthermore, that hope ought to be offered rather than pain, mercy is given rather than cruelty, and restoration to community becomes an over-riding concern, rather than retribution. A way forward for greater cross-disciplinary learning between criminology and public theology is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCriminology and Public Theology
Subtitle of host publicationOn Hope, Mercy and Restoration
EditorsAndrew Millie
Place of PublicationBristol
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)B08LDXGMZJ
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Criminology
  • Public theology
  • Dignity
  • Hope
  • Mercy
  • Restoration


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