Climate change and spatial agricultural development in Turkey

Burhan Can Karahasan, Mehmet Pinar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)


This paper investigates the impact of climate change on the spatial distribution of agricultural production in Turkey between 2004 and 2019. Our findings show that climate change has a pervasive impact on agricultural development. The empirical results show that the average temperature is negatively associated with agricultural land use, grain, and legume production. Moreover, regional variability analyses reveal the nonmonotonic relationships between climatic factors and agricultural output. Climate change hurts agricultural production in northern and central regions the most. This finding points out the ineffectiveness of one‐size‐fits‐all‐type policies for mitigating the adverse effects of climate change in topography with sizeable spatial dissimilarities. Overall, our results suggest that climate change will significantly threaten the evolution of agricultural activities that are critical for regional development. In addition, findings show that spatial spillovers and heterogeneity will be crucial for designing climate change policies for rural and agricultural development.
Original languageEnglish
JournalReview of Development Economics
Early online date12 Mar 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Mar 2023


  • O10
  • R11
  • R12
  • agriculture
  • climate change
  • spatial heterogeneity
  • Turkey


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