Changing Languages of Empire and the Orient: Britain and the Invention of the Middle East, 1917-1918

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    Abstract

    During the last two years of the Great War the British government undertook a global propaganda campaign to generate support for the military advance into the Near East, British post-war domination of the region, and the war effort in general. The objective was to transform how the West and the peoples of the Ottoman empire perceived the Orient, its future, and the British empire. To fit with the international demand that the war should be fought for the cause of national self-determination, the Orient was re-defined as the Middle East: a region of oppressed nations that required liberation and tutelage by Britain and the entente. Great Britain was portrayed as the pre-eminent champion of the principle of nationality, which was behind its move into the Middle East. It is argued in this article that these narratives constituted a significant change in Western representations of the Orient and the British empire.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)645-667
    JournalThe Historical Journal
    Volume50
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2007

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