Cervical lymph node metastasis in oral cancer: the importance of even microscopic extracapsular spread

J. Woolgar, S. Rogers, D. Lowe, J. Brown, E. Vaughan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

    222 Citations (Scopus)


    The prognostic significance of extracapsular spread of cervical metastases in oral cancer is still controversial. To investigate the importance of extent of extracapsular spread; the relationship between extracapsular spread and both traditional measures of metastatic disease and clinical/histological features of the primary tumour, and to determine their relative prognostic significance. The survival of 173 patients undergoing radical surgery and simultaneous neck dissection for oral/oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma with histologically confirmed nodal metastasis and followed for 2.2–12.3 years is reported and related to pathological features. The most predictive clinical/histopathological features were determined by Cox regression modelling. The 3-year survival probability was similar for patients with macroscopic and only microscopic extracapsular spread (33 and 36%, respectively, compared with 72% for patients with intranodal metastasis). The Cox model showed the most predictive factor was extracapsular spread followed by status of resection margins. Extracapsular spread should be incorporated into pathological staging systems. Even microscopic extracapsular spread is of critical importance and must be sought especially in small-volume metastatic disease.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)130-137
    JournalOral Oncology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003


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