Cardiovascular examination

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review


The clinical examination is an important part of any patient consultation. After the primary survey and taking the patient history, a more in-depth examination is sometimes required to aid making a working diagnosis and help negate other differential diagnoses. The extent of this depends on the stability of the patient and may not be possible in time-critical circumstances. However, clinical examination is an increasing part of paramedic practice owing to the continued expansion of the scope of the paramedic role in both urgent and emergency care. Education on clinical examination concerning each of the main body systems is now an integral part of undergraduate paramedic curricula. This clinical examination series provides a step-by-step overview for each of the main body systems. Continuing professional development (CPD) is an essential requirement for all clinicians to maintain and demonstrate that they are staying up to date and advancing in their roles. This series gives an overview of each type of examination to support students, newly qualified paramedics and paramedics wishing to use these articles as a CPD development activity and an aide-memoire for clinical practice. This article, which explores the cardiovascular system, gives an overview of initial examination considerations, including first impressions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Paramedic Practice
Issue number4
Early online date8 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2020


  • Paramedic


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