Building Novel VHF-based Wireless Sensor Networks for the Internet of Marine Things

Rabab Al-Zaidi, John C. Woods, Mohammed Al-Khalidi, Huosheng Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)
162 Downloads (Pure)


Traditional marine monitoring systems such as oceanographic and hydrographic research vessels use either wireless sensor networks with a limited coverage, or expensive satellite communication that is not suitable for small and mid-sized vessels. This paper proposes a novel Internet of Marine Things (IoMaT) data acquisition and cartography system in the marine environment using Very High Frequency (VHF) available on the majority of ships. The proposed system is equipped with many sensors such as sea depth, temperature, wind speed and direction, and the collected data is sent to 5G edge cloudlets connected to sink/base station nodes on shore. The sensory data is ultimately aggregated at a central cloud on the internet to produce up to date cartography systems. Several observations and obstacles unique to the marine environment have been discussed and feed into the solutions presented. The impact of marine sparsity on the network is examined and a novel hybrid Mobile Ad-hoc/Delay Tolerant routing protocol (MADNET) is proposed to switch automatically between Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) and Delay Tolerant Network (DTN) routing according to the network connectivity. The low rate data transmission offered by VHF radio has been investigated in terms of the network bottlenecks and the data collection rate achievable near the sinks. A data synchronization and transmission approach has also been proposed at the 5G network core using Information Centric Networks (ICN).
Original languageEnglish
Article number8251720
Pages (from-to)2131-2144
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number5
Early online date9 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • Internet of Marine Things
  • Very High Frequency
  • Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
  • Delay Tolerant Networks
  • Information Centric Networks
  • Internet of marine things
  • information centric networks
  • delay tolerant networks
  • mobile Ad-hoc networks
  • very high frequency


Dive into the research topics of 'Building Novel VHF-based Wireless Sensor Networks for the Internet of Marine Things'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this