Building ideal paraxial optical skyrmions using rational maps

Claire Cisowski, Sonja Franke-Arnold*, C. Ross

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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We introduce a simple mathematical expression based on rational maps to construct ideal paraxial optical skyrmions fields including Neel-type and Bloch-type skyrmions, anti-skyrmions, bimerons and multi-skyrmions, including skyrmion lattices. We review the rules that fully polarized paraxial light fields must obey to be considered as optical skyrmions. This work provides guidelines for the experimental generation of general skyrmion fields, beyond conventional single skyrmion beams. This lays the foundation for the exploration of nucleation and annihilation mechanisms in multiskyrmions fields
Original languageEnglish
Article number2200350
Pages (from-to)1-7
JournalAdvanced Photonics Research
Early online date25 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2023


  • rational maps
  • skyrmion
  • structured light


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