Blood lactate and stroke parameters during front crawl in elite swimmers with disability

David J. Bentley, Gary Phillips, Lars R. McNaughton, Alan M. Batterham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this investigation was to compare the blood lactate concentration ([La]), stroke distance (D(s)), and swim index (SI) during an incremental swim test (IST) in elite swimmers who had a loss in mobility (LM) (n = 6) or who had full mobility (FM) (n = 5) of the lower limbs. The IST consisted of 5 repeats of either 100 or 200 m front crawl depending upon the ability level of the swimmer. The [La] and heart rate measured during the IST showed no significant differences (p > 0.05). However, velocity (V(s)) and D(s) were all significantly lower (p <0.01) during the IST. SI was significantly (p <0.01) lower during repeats 1 to 3 and 5, but not repeat 4. These data indicate that the [La] response to incremental exercise is similar during incremental front crawl activity in swimmers suffering from loss of lower limb mobility. However, a critical V(s) is reached in LM swimmers where swimming efficiency is optimal compared with FM swimmers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-102
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Strength & Conditioning Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Athlete
  • Drag
  • Efficiency
  • Exercise testing


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