Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know?

Petra Rettberg, André Antunes, John Brucato, Patricia Cabezas, Geoffrey Collins, Alissa Haddaji, Gerhard Kminek, Stefan Leuko, Susan McKenna-Lawlor, Christine Moissl-Eichinger, Jean-Louis Fellous, Karen Olsson-Francis, David Pearce, Elke Rabbow, Samuel Royle, Mark Saunders, Mark Sephton, Andy Spry, Nicolas Walter, Robert Wimmer Schweingruber & 1 others Jean-Charles Treuet

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Abstract

To ensure that scientific investments in space exploration are not compromised by terrestrial contamination of celestial bodies, special care needs to be taken to preserve planetary conditions for future astrobiological exploration. Significant effort has been made and is being taken to address planetary protection in the context of inner Solar System exploration. In particular for missions to Mars, detailed internationally accepted guidelines have been established. For missions to the icy moons in the outer Solar System, Europa and Enceladus, the planetary protection requirements are so far based on a probabilistic approach and a conservative estimate of poorly known parameters. One objective of the European Commission-funded project, Planetary Protection of Outer Solar System, was to assess the existing planetary protection approach, to identify inherent knowledge gaps, and to recommend scientific investigations necessary to update the requirements for missions to the icy moons.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrobiology
Early online date14 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Feb 2019

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planetary protection
natural satellites
Solar System
solar system
Moon
preserves
contamination
Mars
Space Flight
Europa
European Commission
Enceladus
celestial bodies
requirements
space exploration
Guidelines
mars
biological contamination
estimates

Keywords

  • Icy moons—Europa—Enceladus—Planetary protection—Requirements—Spacecraft.

Cite this

Rettberg, Petra ; Antunes, André ; Brucato, John ; Cabezas, Patricia ; Collins, Geoffrey ; Haddaji, Alissa ; Kminek, Gerhard ; Leuko, Stefan ; McKenna-Lawlor, Susan ; Moissl-Eichinger, Christine ; Fellous, Jean-Louis ; Olsson-Francis, Karen ; Pearce, David ; Rabbow, Elke ; Royle, Samuel ; Saunders, Mark ; Sephton, Mark ; Spry, Andy ; Walter, Nicolas ; Schweingruber, Robert Wimmer ; Treuet, Jean-Charles. / Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know?. In: Astrobiology. 2019.
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title = "Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know?",
abstract = "To ensure that scientific investments in space exploration are not compromised by terrestrial contamination of celestial bodies, special care needs to be taken to preserve planetary conditions for future astrobiological exploration. Significant effort has been made and is being taken to address planetary protection in the context of inner Solar System exploration. In particular for missions to Mars, detailed internationally accepted guidelines have been established. For missions to the icy moons in the outer Solar System, Europa and Enceladus, the planetary protection requirements are so far based on a probabilistic approach and a conservative estimate of poorly known parameters. One objective of the European Commission-funded project, Planetary Protection of Outer Solar System, was to assess the existing planetary protection approach, to identify inherent knowledge gaps, and to recommend scientific investigations necessary to update the requirements for missions to the icy moons.",
keywords = "Icy moons—Europa—Enceladus—Planetary protection—Requirements—Spacecraft.",
author = "Petra Rettberg and Andr{\'e} Antunes and John Brucato and Patricia Cabezas and Geoffrey Collins and Alissa Haddaji and Gerhard Kminek and Stefan Leuko and Susan McKenna-Lawlor and Christine Moissl-Eichinger and Jean-Louis Fellous and Karen Olsson-Francis and David Pearce and Elke Rabbow and Samuel Royle and Mark Saunders and Mark Sephton and Andy Spry and Nicolas Walter and Schweingruber, {Robert Wimmer} and Jean-Charles Treuet",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1089/ast.2018.1996",
language = "English",
journal = "Astrobiology",
issn = "1531-1074",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert",

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Rettberg, P, Antunes, A, Brucato, J, Cabezas, P, Collins, G, Haddaji, A, Kminek, G, Leuko, S, McKenna-Lawlor, S, Moissl-Eichinger, C, Fellous, J-L, Olsson-Francis, K, Pearce, D, Rabbow, E, Royle, S, Saunders, M, Sephton, M, Spry, A, Walter, N, Schweingruber, RW & Treuet, J-C 2019, 'Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know?', Astrobiology. https://doi.org/10.1089/ast.2018.1996

Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know? / Rettberg, Petra; Antunes, André; Brucato, John; Cabezas, Patricia; Collins, Geoffrey; Haddaji, Alissa; Kminek, Gerhard; Leuko, Stefan; McKenna-Lawlor, Susan; Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Fellous, Jean-Louis; Olsson-Francis, Karen; Pearce, David; Rabbow, Elke; Royle, Samuel; Saunders, Mark; Sephton, Mark; Spry, Andy; Walter, Nicolas; Schweingruber, Robert Wimmer; Treuet, Jean-Charles.

In: Astrobiology, 14.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biological Contamination Prevention for Outer Solar System Moons of Astrobiological Interest: What Do We Need to Know?

AU - Rettberg, Petra

AU - Antunes, André

AU - Brucato, John

AU - Cabezas, Patricia

AU - Collins, Geoffrey

AU - Haddaji, Alissa

AU - Kminek, Gerhard

AU - Leuko, Stefan

AU - McKenna-Lawlor, Susan

AU - Moissl-Eichinger, Christine

AU - Fellous, Jean-Louis

AU - Olsson-Francis, Karen

AU - Pearce, David

AU - Rabbow, Elke

AU - Royle, Samuel

AU - Saunders, Mark

AU - Sephton, Mark

AU - Spry, Andy

AU - Walter, Nicolas

AU - Schweingruber, Robert Wimmer

AU - Treuet, Jean-Charles

PY - 2019/2/14

Y1 - 2019/2/14

N2 - To ensure that scientific investments in space exploration are not compromised by terrestrial contamination of celestial bodies, special care needs to be taken to preserve planetary conditions for future astrobiological exploration. Significant effort has been made and is being taken to address planetary protection in the context of inner Solar System exploration. In particular for missions to Mars, detailed internationally accepted guidelines have been established. For missions to the icy moons in the outer Solar System, Europa and Enceladus, the planetary protection requirements are so far based on a probabilistic approach and a conservative estimate of poorly known parameters. One objective of the European Commission-funded project, Planetary Protection of Outer Solar System, was to assess the existing planetary protection approach, to identify inherent knowledge gaps, and to recommend scientific investigations necessary to update the requirements for missions to the icy moons.

AB - To ensure that scientific investments in space exploration are not compromised by terrestrial contamination of celestial bodies, special care needs to be taken to preserve planetary conditions for future astrobiological exploration. Significant effort has been made and is being taken to address planetary protection in the context of inner Solar System exploration. In particular for missions to Mars, detailed internationally accepted guidelines have been established. For missions to the icy moons in the outer Solar System, Europa and Enceladus, the planetary protection requirements are so far based on a probabilistic approach and a conservative estimate of poorly known parameters. One objective of the European Commission-funded project, Planetary Protection of Outer Solar System, was to assess the existing planetary protection approach, to identify inherent knowledge gaps, and to recommend scientific investigations necessary to update the requirements for missions to the icy moons.

KW - Icy moons—Europa—Enceladus—Planetary protection—Requirements—Spacecraft.

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DO - 10.1089/ast.2018.1996

M3 - Article

JO - Astrobiology

JF - Astrobiology

SN - 1531-1074

ER -