Auditory Temporal Processing Skills in Dancers and Non-Dancers

Indira Pisharody*, Magudilu Srishyla Kumar Lakshmi, SUPRITHA AITHAL

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Perception of temporal aspects of sound is crucial for discrimination, identification, and comprehension of speech, particularly in noisy backgrounds. Studies have shown superior temporal processing abilities in musicians compared to non-musicians attributable to their musical training. Dance is another form of art where body movements are choreographed to music necessitating active listening to the temporal aspects of music (tala and laya) in order to express them through movements. Considering that it involves similar task as in musicians the study explored trained dancers’ auditory temporal processing abilities. Ten professional dancers and 10 non-dancers with mean age 24 and 22 years respectively, participated in the study. Gap detection threshold (GDT) and Temporal modulation transfer function (TMTF) were obtained to assess their temporal processing abilities. Comparison of mean scores of GDT and TMTF between the two groups revealed lower mean thresholds in GDT (2.42 vs. 2.66), and TMTF (at 16, 32, 64, 128 Hz) thresholds in dancers. MANOVA revealed significant difference in scores of TMTF (at 16, 32, 64 & 128 Hz). Based on these findings, it was concluded that dancers have better temporal processing compared to non-dancers owing to the training they undergo.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of All India Institute of Speech and Hearing (AIISH)
Volume35
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2016

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