Attitudes towards people with intellectual disability in the UK and Libya: A cross-cultural comparison

Aisha M Benomir, Rod Nicolson, Nigel Beail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)
61 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: The attitude of the general population towards people with intellectual disability (ID) provides important background for policy development. Furthermore, because of changes in attitudes across cultures, it is vital to ground policy development for each country in data from that country. Aims: This paper aimed to undertake a cross-cultural study, investigating attitudes to people with ID in Libya in the year 2011, and to compare the Libyan data with those for the UK. Methods and procedures: This paper provides a cross-cultural analysis of attitudes to people with ID, using a questionnaire study of three groups in Libya and in the UK: science students, psychology students and professionals in ID support. The questionnaire used was the established Community Living Attitude Scales for Mental Retardation (CLAS-MR). Outcomes and results: In terms of the four CLAS-MR sub-scales, the Libyan sample showed significantly less favourable scores on Empowerment, Similarity and Exclusion than the UK sample, but no significant difference on the Sheltering sub-scale. Within-country analysis indicated no main effects of gender on all four sub-scales in Libya and the UK. Conclusions: This study is the first to undertake quantitative analysis of attitudes to people with ID in Libya. The attitudes were in general less favourable than in the UK and other Western countries, but showed similarities with studies of attitudes to people with ID in Pakistan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume51-52
Early online date9 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Arab
  • Community Living Attitude Scale for Mental Retardation
  • Class-MR Cross-Cultural

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Attitudes towards people with intellectual disability in the UK and Libya: A cross-cultural comparison'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Profiles

    No photo of RODERICK NICOLSON

    RODERICK NICOLSON

    • Psychology - Professor and Head of Psychology Departm

    Person: Academic

    Cite this