Applying TEC-VARIETY to Motivate and Engage Learners for Online Learning Success

Weichao Chen*, Curtis Bonk, JOHN SANDARS

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review


Learner motivation plays an essential role in overcoming barriers to achieve online learning success. Many health professions educators, however, are not familiar with evidence-based motivational principles and techniques that tap into learners’ inner resources to promote online learning success. The TEC-VARIETY (T-Tone; E-Encouragement; C-Curiosity; V-Variety; A-Autonomy; R-Relevance; I-Interactivity; E-Engagement; T-Tension; and Y-Yielding products) framework provides evidence-based principles and techniques that motivate and engage learners. Health professions educators can identify and assemble appropriate activities to motivate and engage online learners. Educators are encouraged to use Design-Based Research to guide their adoption of TEC-VARIETY and evaluation of outcomes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2023


  • Online Learning
  • engagement
  • design-based research/educational design research
  • motivation
  • faculty development
  • online learning


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