Antecedents of Women Manager's Resilience: Conceptual Discussion and Implications for HRM


Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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This paper aims to provide a framework with the antecedents of women managers’ resilience in SMEs.

This developmental study uses a comprehensive literature review and a set of propositions to identify the antecedent of women managers’ resilience and develops a conceptual framework for resilience.

The results indicate that in addition to personal resilience traits, interactive engagement with the work environment, career adaptability and positive human resource management (HRM) interventions are the main antecedents of women managers’ resilience.

Research limitations/implications
This paper contributes to theory by providing a new perspective on the study of resilience as a process at the organisational level and as a trait at personal level. It contributes to the women employee-centric resilience discussion in HRM literature and explores the relationship between resilience and women managers’ career progression. This is a developmental study, and despite the strengths of the undertaken approach, there are a number of limitations due to the lack of empirical evidence. Therefore, future research activities should focus on validating the framework and determining any potential boundaries of this resilience framework.

Practical implications
The study reveals a number of practical implications leading to a recommended resilience toolkit for HR managers of organisations to develop and promote resilience in their women managers and aspiring managers.

Social implications
The social implications of this study include the social relationships within the work-setting, better employee engagement and interaction with the work environment and flexible career progression pathways.

The paper is based on rich conceptual and theoretical discussion that identifies the key antecedents of women managers’ resilience. The study also conceptually establishes the moderating relationship between women managers’ resilience and work stress and burnout.
Original languageEnglish
Article number27
Pages (from-to)241-268
Number of pages28
JournalInternational Journal of Organizational Analysis
Issue number2
Early online date24 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2019


  • Gender stereotyping
  • HRM
  • Resilience
  • SMEs
  • Women managers


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