Animal Faux Pas: Two Legs Good Four Legs Bad for Theory of Mind, but Not in the Broad Autism Spectrum

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Abstract

AbstractResearch shows that the general population varies with regard to both autistic traits and theory of mind (ToM) ability. Other work has shown that autistic individuals may not underperform on ToM tests when the agent of evaluation is anthropomorphic rather than typically human. Two studies examined the relation between ToM and autistic trait profiles in over 650 adults using either the standard Faux Pas Recognition Test (FPT) or an anthropomorphized version of the FPT (FPTa). Results showed that autistic trait profiles were related to faux pas detection ability in the FPT but not the FPTa. Furthermore, while those with the broad autism phenotype scored significantly worse than those who were typically developed on the FPT, scores did not significantly differ on the FPTa. These findings add to a growing body of work suggesting that ToM ability is not at a global deficit in those on the autistic spectrum, but may relate to the mindreading of specifically human agents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-95
JournalThe Journal of Genetic Psychology
Volume180
Issue number2-3
Early online date16 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 May 2019

Keywords

  • Broad autism phenotype
  • anthropomorphism
  • autism
  • faux pas
  • perspective taking
  • theory of mind

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