Angle Specific Isokinetic Metrics Highlight Strength Training Needs of Elite Youth Soccer Players

Steven Eustace, Richard Page, Matt Greig

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess traditional and angle-specific isokinetic strength of eccentric knee flexors (eccKF) and concentric knee extensors (conKE) between senior professional and youth soccer players. 34 male soccer players (17 senior and 17 youth) were recruited for bilateral assessments at 180, 270 and 60°∙s-1. Peak torque (PT), dynamic control ratio (DCR), angle of peak torque (APT), functional range (FR), angle specific torque (AST) and angle specific DCR (DCRAST) were compared. EccKF and conKE PT (P = 0.782) and DCR (P = 0.508) were not different between groups across all angular velocities. Significant differences were identified for eccKF APT (P = 0.018) and FR (P = 0.006), DCRAST at 270°∙s-1 (P = 0.031) and in AST data recorded across angular velocities for eccKF and conKE (P = 0.003). Traditional strength measures were not sensitive to playing age, with implications for misinterpretation in training prescription. In contrast, AST data did differentiate between ages. Strength deficits which highlight the muscle contraction type, angular velocity and joint angle can be manipulated within an individualized training intervention. Given the relevance to injury aetiology, this study highlights potential implications for improved assessment strategies to inform training prescription for performance and injury prevention. Given the high number of injuries in adolescent soccer players, and in line with previous recommendations, practitioners should consider utilising more informed and specific strength and conditioning practices at younger ages.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Early online date2 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 May 2018

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Soccer
Resistance Training
Torque
Knee
Prescriptions
Wounds and Injuries
Muscle Contraction
Joints

Keywords

  • age
  • hamstring
  • quadriceps
  • injury risk
  • screening

Cite this

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title = "Angle Specific Isokinetic Metrics Highlight Strength Training Needs of Elite Youth Soccer Players",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to assess traditional and angle-specific isokinetic strength of eccentric knee flexors (eccKF) and concentric knee extensors (conKE) between senior professional and youth soccer players. 34 male soccer players (17 senior and 17 youth) were recruited for bilateral assessments at 180, 270 and 60°∙s-1. Peak torque (PT), dynamic control ratio (DCR), angle of peak torque (APT), functional range (FR), angle specific torque (AST) and angle specific DCR (DCRAST) were compared. EccKF and conKE PT (P = 0.782) and DCR (P = 0.508) were not different between groups across all angular velocities. Significant differences were identified for eccKF APT (P = 0.018) and FR (P = 0.006), DCRAST at 270°∙s-1 (P = 0.031) and in AST data recorded across angular velocities for eccKF and conKE (P = 0.003). Traditional strength measures were not sensitive to playing age, with implications for misinterpretation in training prescription. In contrast, AST data did differentiate between ages. Strength deficits which highlight the muscle contraction type, angular velocity and joint angle can be manipulated within an individualized training intervention. Given the relevance to injury aetiology, this study highlights potential implications for improved assessment strategies to inform training prescription for performance and injury prevention. Given the high number of injuries in adolescent soccer players, and in line with previous recommendations, practitioners should consider utilising more informed and specific strength and conditioning practices at younger ages.",
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